Read scientific research on educational policies and academic achievement.
Studies have shown that for young people, simply being around peers from different ethnic and racial backgrounds may not be enough to improve attitudes toward other groups. Instead, children and adolescents also need to value spending time and forming relationships with peers from diverse groups. A new study examined how friends in middle school affect each other's attitudes about interacting with peers of different ethnicities and races, finding that they significantly influence each other's racial and ethnic views.
Posted: May 22, 2018, 12:21 pm
As prohibitions on the sale and use of marijuana ease, one result is more advertising about cannabis. A new study suggests that may have consequences on adolescents, with those who view more advertising for medical marijuana being more likely to use marijuana, express intentions to use the drug and have more-positive expectations about the substance.
Posted: May 17, 2018, 12:18 pm
Researchers have found that children who participate in gun safety programs do not retain the skills they learned and that most still will approach a firearm in an unsupervised setting. While confirming that such programs are still essential, they stress that parents are the front line of defense when it comes to safeguarding their children from accidental shootings -- and that they cannot rely on safety training alone.
Posted: May 15, 2018, 3:36 pm
A new survey finds that two-thirds of interventional cardiologists have avoided potentially lifesaving procedures for high-risk patients when results are publicly reported.
Posted: May 10, 2018, 5:30 pm
International aid groups promoting gold-standard anti-malarial treatments subsidize each pharmaceutical companies equally. The goal is to reduce the price consumers ultimately pay, encouraging more of them to choose the most effective drugs. While in general equal subsidies are still somewhat inefficient, that compromise is not as bad as it might seem, according a new study. Even under the worst theoretical conditions, an equal subsidy policy still gets at least half the treatments out the door.
Posted: May 8, 2018, 5:09 pm
Researchers have found in an analysis that minorities were widely underrepreseted in autism identifications in 2014. The levels vary by state, but run counter to the claim that minorities are overrepresented in all areas of special education and show that many students of color are not getting services that could be beneficial.
Posted: May 4, 2018, 12:24 pm
Scientists offer the first empirical evidence on the effects of endorsements on MBA students' performance.
Posted: May 3, 2018, 7:42 pm
The world is facing ever-more-dire warnings from scientists about the faltering health of the environment and the negative consequences for humans, habitats, and the creatures with whom we share the Earth. Still, a new article suggests there's reason for hope. It boils down to what we teach today's young people.
Posted: May 2, 2018, 7:29 pm
New technology allows US soldiers to learn 13 times faster than conventional methods and researchers said this may help save lives.
Posted: April 27, 2018, 2:03 pm
Researchers are at the forefront of analyzing how climate lawsuits shape the nation's response to climate change. A new analysis investigates the role of health concerns in climate litigation since 1990 and finds that although health is cited in a minority of cases, it may have critical potential for protecting communities from the effects of climate change and coal fired power plants.
Posted: April 26, 2018, 10:00 pm
A study finds that a community-based approach to substance-abuse prevention, which can include after-school activities, can affect young people into adulthood.
Posted: April 26, 2018, 4:59 pm
Without overlooking the risks of using social networks in adolescence, a study analyzes little known information about cybergossiping among high school students.
Posted: April 24, 2018, 3:29 pm
A professor has used video games to teach Italian, allowing his students to master two semesters worth of language acquisition through one intensive class for students new to the Italian language.
Posted: April 20, 2018, 5:14 pm
More people have died or been injured in mass school shootings in the United States in the past 18 years than in the entire 20th century. In a new study, researchers have reviewed the history of mass school shootings in the U.S. and found some alarming trends.
Posted: April 19, 2018, 5:10 pm
Children and young people under 25 who are victims of cyberbullying are more than twice as likely to self-harm and enact suicidal behavior, according to a new study. The research also suggests the perpetrators themselves are at higher risk of experiencing suicidal thoughts and behaviors as well.
Posted: April 19, 2018, 5:09 pm
More students report carrying guns in Chicago than in New York or Los Angeles, a new study shows. The findings provide historical background for Chicago's 2016 spike in gun violence, which occurred mostly among youth and young adults.
Posted: April 19, 2018, 5:00 pm
Innovators aren't born, but they can be made, a recent study suggests. Researchers created a contest -- for engineering and computer science students -- designed to answer the question: Are persuaded innovators less capable than those who naturally gravitate to innovative activities?
Posted: April 19, 2018, 2:01 pm
School-based prevention programs can substantially reduce children's cavities -- but what type of treatment should be delivered in schools to best prevent tooth decay? A new study suggests that cavity prevention programs with a combination of prevention strategies may be more effective than one alone for reducing tooth decay.
Posted: April 16, 2018, 4:16 pm
The majority of US adults with children agree that state support for pregnant teens is a good investment but want to see teens meet certain criteria -- including taking parenting classes -- before receiving assistance.
Posted: April 16, 2018, 12:59 pm
The findings of two recently published studies on the emergence of hookah use indicate that public health officials may need to consider broadening their tobacco prevention efforts beyond traditional cigarettes.
Posted: April 9, 2018, 2:39 pm
People living near oil and gas facilities along Colorado's Northern Front Range may be exposed to hazardous air pollutants, including carcinogens like benzene, that could pose health risks above levels deemed acceptable by the US Environmental Protection Agency, according to researchers.
Posted: April 9, 2018, 2:39 pm
International large-scale education assessments (ILSAs) are used to compare the performance of countries' educational systems, but these rankings can be misleading and should not be the sole determinant informing educational policy, experts caution.
Posted: April 5, 2018, 6:09 pm
A first-of-its-kind study shows that in the college biology classroom, men perceive themselves as smarter, even when compared to women whose grades demonstrate they are just as accomplished. The study shows that gender greatly impacts students' perceptions of their own intelligence, particularly when they compare themselves to others.
Posted: April 4, 2018, 1:39 pm
Student bullying on the internet could be headed for a showdown with a 50-year-old U.S. Supreme Court case that granted expansive First Amendment rights to kids in public school. When it does, one expert is ready to make the case for challenging the offenders, arguing for new standards under which school officials can punish cyberbullying.
Posted: April 3, 2018, 7:50 pm
It may be time to tailor students' class schedules to their natural biological rhythms. A study shows that students whose circadian rhythms were out of sync with their class schedules received lower grades due to 'social jet lag,' a condition in which peak alertness times are at odds with work, school or other demands.
Posted: March 29, 2018, 11:08 pm
The reliability and accuracy of a nine-member expert panel was measured in determining the likelihood of abuse in more than 2,000 cases. The results of the study found nearly perfect reliability and accuracy of the panel both individually and as a composite.
Posted: March 29, 2018, 5:31 pm
Making the transition from high school to college may be stressful -- but it can be downright depressing for students who graduate from a school with peers of high academic ability and wind up at a college with students of lesser ability, according to a new study.
Posted: March 29, 2018, 5:31 pm
Investing in education may help boost economic opportunities for the next generation, according to a team of economists.
Posted: March 28, 2018, 4:01 pm
Stellar grades in college could hurt -- rather than help -- women new to the job market, according to a new study that suggests employers place more value on the perceived 'likability' of female applicants than on their academic success.
Posted: March 22, 2018, 4:49 pm
When drawing scientists, US children now depict female scientists more often than ever, according to new research, which analyzed five decades of 'Draw-A-Scientist' studies conducted since the 1960s. This change suggests that children's stereotypes linking science with men have weakened over time, said the researchers, consistent with more women becoming scientists and children's media depicting more female scientists on television shows, magazines and other media.
Posted: March 20, 2018, 12:43 pm
Teenagers are more likely to plead guilty to crimes they did not commit because they are less able to make mature decisions, new research shows.
Posted: March 15, 2018, 3:06 pm
The indictment of 13 Russians in the operation of a "troll farm" that spread false information related to the 2016 U.S. presidential election has renewed the spotlight on the power of "fake news" to influence public opinion. Now, a professor who studies the spread of misinformation online is joining prominent legal scholars, social scientists and researchers in a global "call to action" in the fight against it.
Posted: March 8, 2018, 7:31 pm
Many of the current US Federal and State dyslexia laws should be scrapped as they ignore scientific evidence and privilege some poor readers at the expense of huge numbers of others, according to a leading expert in reading disability.
Posted: March 5, 2018, 2:30 pm
In a new study that capitalizes on data from the National Center for Educational Statistics and methods that address causality, sociologists looked at an earlier portion of the pipeline -- in high school, when students' commitment to STEM fields tends to solidify.
Posted: March 2, 2018, 5:48 pm
New research shows when it comes to successfully engaging and including minorities in the workforce and schools, organizations need to focus on inclusion.
Posted: March 1, 2018, 5:50 pm
States with robust tobacco control policies and regulations, such as smoke free air laws and taxes on cigarettes, not only have fewer cigarette users but also fewer e-cigarette users, according to research from NYU School of Medicine and the NYU College of Global Public Health.
Posted: February 27, 2018, 2:07 pm
Most election polls take the political pulse of a state or nation by reaching out to citizens about their voting plans. One researchers says pollsters might also ask: how do your friends plan to vote?
Posted: February 26, 2018, 5:26 pm
High-quality early care and education (ECE) is critical to positive child development and has the potential to generate economic returns, but the current financing structure of ECE leaves many children without access to high-quality services and does little to strengthen the ECE workforce, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Posted: February 23, 2018, 9:40 pm
A new study explored the relationship between new drivers' skills and age, gender, organized sports and video gaming. The results suggest that mandatory training should be required for all novice drivers, not just teenagers.
Posted: February 22, 2018, 7:43 pm
People who were bullied by siblings during childhood are up to three times more likely to develop psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia in early adulthood, according to new research. The researchers found that the more frequently children are involved in sibling bullying -- either as bully, victim, or both -- the more likely they are to develop a psychotic disorder.
Posted: February 12, 2018, 1:54 pm
A new study finds that two-thirds of neurosurgeons experience burnout during training, and stressors at work are partly to blame.
Posted: February 9, 2018, 3:06 pm
A recent nationally-representative US Department of Education study found that 28 percent of fall 2009 ninth-graders had not yet enrolled in a trade school or college by February 2016 -- roughly six-and-a-half years later.
Posted: February 1, 2018, 10:32 pm
A comprehensive analysis of policies related to sexual assaults -- known as mandatory reporting or compelled disclosure -- at 150 universities has raised questions about their effectiveness and their impacts on victims.
Posted: January 31, 2018, 6:34 pm
Researchers explored the cost-effectiveness of placing a deck park on top of the Cross-Bronx Expressway, finding the plan would save money and lives.
Posted: January 31, 2018, 1:58 pm
Participating in an intensive early childhood education program from preschool to third grade is linked to higher educational attainment in mid-life, according to a new study.
Posted: January 30, 2018, 5:37 pm
When equity analysts are more involved in a firm's initial public offering, investors who purchase stock based on these analysts' reports lose more than 3 percent of their investment, according to a new study.
Posted: January 25, 2018, 7:09 pm
January is a popular month for people trying to reduce their alcohol intake but how successful are they in doing so? A new study that assessed data on the drinking patterns of nearly 3,000 drinkers who reported that they were planning to reduce their alcohol consumption found that very few managed it when followed up six months later.
Posted: January 25, 2018, 1:51 pm
College-bound women are not less likely to enter specific fields because more math or science is required, but rather because of the gender discrimination they are likely to encounter in those fields, finds a new nationally representative longitudinal study.
Posted: January 23, 2018, 3:20 pm
Smoking is an issue that has been at the heart of public health concerns for decades, with many efforts to restrict tobacco sales, tax cigarettes and sometimes hard-hitting campaigns to get people to quit smoking. But if the tobacco control community has long agreed on the harms of smoking, the place of reducing, rather than eliminating, harm has been hotly contested.
Posted: January 22, 2018, 10:13 pm
Despite increasing numbers of underrepresented minority (URM) trainees in the biomedical sciences, there is a persistent shortage of URM faculty who are involved in basic biomedical research at medical schools. Investigators examined the entire training pathway of potential faculty candidates to identify points of greatest loss of URM trainees. Two key points of loss: during undergraduate education and in transition from postdoctoral fellowship to tenure-track faculty.
Posted: January 17, 2018, 4:49 pm
In a new study, race, sex, perceived peer inclusion, and teacher discrimination were predictors of students’ delinquent behaviors.
Posted: January 15, 2018, 2:53 pm
Efforts to reverse the nation's opioid epidemic remain beset by the stigma associated with drug use, a group of researchers write in a year-end review. The researchers emphasize the need for the American health care system to embrace medications such as methadone to treat opioid use disorder, provide addiction treatment in primary care clinics and develop non-addictive alternatives for chronic pain.
Posted: January 10, 2018, 5:02 pm
Recent results indicate that the effects of recreational marijuana legalization on Oregon teens' use depends on whether the teens were already using marijuana when legal sales began.
Posted: January 8, 2018, 9:12 pm
With the new emphasis on hands-on, active learning throughout higher education, lab courses would seem to have an advantage -- what could be more active than doing experiments? But surprising new research reveals traditional labs fall far short of their pedagogical goals.
Posted: January 3, 2018, 3:11 pm
Male students tend to do better on high-stakes tests in biology courses, but it's not because they are better students. Gaps in performance change based on the stakes of the test. A new study confirms this, finding that performance gaps between male and female students increased or decreased based on whether instructors emphasized or de-emphasized the value of exams.
Posted: December 28, 2017, 10:06 pm
Nearly one in three 12th-graders report past year use of some kind of vaping device, raising concerns about the impact on their health. What they say is in the device, however, ranges from nicotine, to marijuana, to 'just flavoring.' The survey also suggests that use of hookahs and regular cigarettes is declining. These findings come from the 2017 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey of eighth, 10th and 12th graders in schools nationwide in the United States.
Posted: December 14, 2017, 2:22 pm
With revenue from college football at an unprecedented $3.4 billion annually, universities across the country invest millions each year in recruitment efforts for high school football players. But with talented players typically receiving multiple scholarship offers, team rosters are in limbo until student athletes commit to a university. However, a new study shares how social media can provide universities with valuable insight into the decision-making process of their recruits.
Posted: December 12, 2017, 11:41 pm
Researchers distil twenty years of lessons from clean energy funding into six 'guiding principles'. They argue that governments must eschew constant reinventions and grant scientists greater influence before our 'window of opportunity' to avert climate change closes.
Posted: December 6, 2017, 6:22 pm
Researchers have shown how human operators can maintain control over a system comprising several agents that are guided by artificial intelligence.
Posted: December 4, 2017, 2:49 pm
The inability to understand and effectively use health information is linked to higher rates of hospitalization, reduced preventive care and increased health costs. A new report highlights the benefits of health literacy for both patients and providers.
Posted: November 28, 2017, 6:57 pm