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Latest research on parenting. Everything from infancy through the teen years, including breastfeeding, colic, academic success, behavioral problems, teen relationships and more.

When children become upset, showing negative emotions or behaviors, some parents become distressed, while others are able to talk their child through the difficult situation. Studies have shown that a mothers' reaction -- positive or negative -- to her child's negative emotions can predict whether her child develops the ability to effectively regulate his emotions and behavior. A new study explores potential predictors of mothers' supportive or non-supportive behavior during emotional challenges.
Posted: November 18, 2017, 5:37 am
Children who have been spanked by their parents by age 5 show an increase in behavior problems at age 6 and age 8 relative to children who have never been spanked, according to new findings. The study, which uses a statistical technique to approximate random assignment, indicates that this increase in behavior problems cannot be attributed to various characteristics of the child, the parents, or the home environment - rather, it seems to be the specific result of spanking.
Posted: November 16, 2017, 11:57 pm
Adolescents whose fathers have depressive symptoms are more likely to experience symptoms of depression themselves, finds a new study.
Posted: November 16, 2017, 6:23 am
High quality preschool is one of the most effective means of preparing all children to succeed in school. This review of research indicates the need to expand our definitions of quality.
Posted: November 15, 2017, 7:48 pm
New research has found that the amount of distress and pain felt by a preschooler during a vaccination is strongly related to how to their parents help them cope before and during an appointment.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 11:03 pm
The vast majority of children and adolescents who receive cognitive behavioral therapy treatment for OCD thrive and live without symptoms a year after the end of treatment, shows new research.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 9:11 pm
Hair cortisol levels, which is a steroid hormone secreted as a response to stress, are higher in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy for those women that will later suffer postpartum depression, new research indicates.
Posted: November 13, 2017, 9:40 pm
Preschool children who engage in math activities at home with their parents not only improve their math skills, but also their general vocabulary, according to research from Purdue University.
Posted: November 11, 2017, 3:10 am
Successful implementation of preschool to third grade programs yields benefits in increasing school readiness, improving attendance, and strengthening parental involvement in school education -- strategies that can close the achievement gap for children at risk, according to a new study.
Posted: November 9, 2017, 11:41 pm
A national survey of more than 200 pediatric primary care physicians found that while over three-quarters addressed at least one parental health issue, such as maternal depression or parental tobacco use, during child health visits and a majority recognized the impact of such issues on children's health, fewer felt responsible for addressing them.
Posted: November 9, 2017, 8:02 pm
Cutting back on yelling, criticism and other harsh parenting approaches, including physical punishment, has the power to calm children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, according to a new study.
Posted: November 7, 2017, 10:00 pm
Postnatal depression among new mothers is a well-known phenomenon. Knowledge about depression in new fathers, however, is more limited. A new study shows that depression among new fathers may be more common than previously believed. There is also a major risk that it remains undetected using today's screening instruments, and that fathers do not receive the help they need.
Posted: November 6, 2017, 9:52 pm
Relational factors in music therapy can contribute to a positive outcome of therapy for children with autism.
Posted: November 6, 2017, 8:27 pm
Previously, it was believed that lack of blood flow was causing preterm brain cells to die. Instead, these critically important cells simply fail to develop normally, report investigators. This finding creates an opportunity to determine ways to restore oxygen loss and potentially reduce life-long impacts of preterm survivors.
Posted: November 3, 2017, 3:33 am
Mindfulness may offer an active coping mechanism for mothers faced with the stress of having a newborn diagnosed with congenital heart disease (CHD). Mindfulness, which aims to increase a person's awareness and acceptance of daily experiences, is currently used in a variety of healthcare settings as a potentially effective skill for stress reduction, emotion, affect and attention regulation.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 10:19 pm
Removing electronic media from the bedroom and encouraging a calming bedtime routine are among recommendations researchers outline in a recent manuscript on digital media and sleep in childhood and adolescence.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 9:40 pm
A new study shows if a younger sibling feels like they're the favorite and their parents agree, their relationship is strengthened. With older siblings, whether they feel favored or not, it has no major effect on the relationship.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 9:39 pm
Getting spanked as a child can lead to a host of mental health problems in adulthood, say researchers.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 8:30 pm
New research finds that women who were reminded of a time that their dad was absent from their lives -- or who actually experienced poor quality fathering while growing up -- perceived greater mating intent in the described behaviors of a hypothetical male dating partner and when talking with a man. These women also 'saw' more sexual arousal when viewing images of men's faces.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 7:29 pm
Researchers studying the importance of the brain's immune system in our desire to drink alcohol have made a discovery that may eventually help to switch off binge-drinking behavior in adults who used to binge during their adolescent years.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 7:29 pm
Specialists in language development in children have studied a traditional population in the Bolivian Amazon, the Tsimane. They show that, on average, less than one minute per hour is spent talking to children under the age of four. This is up to ten times less than for children of the same age in industrialized countries. This observation should prompt us to conduct more studies of this kind in various cultures.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 6:41 pm
Less than one-third of adults believe that kids are physically healthier today compared to kids in their own childhoods and fewer than 25 percent think children's mental health status is better now.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 6:40 pm
Intimate partner violence is not uncommon among divorcing couples. Whether a woman experienced intimate partner violence during marriage -- and the kind of violence she experienced -- has an impact on how well she and her former partner are able to co-parent after separation. Researchers wanted to find out how co-parenting varies during the first year after separation for mothers who have experienced different types of violence in their marriages.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 4:49 am
A new article spells out why children and teens are particularly sensitive to the sleep-disrupting impact of electronics.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 10:35 pm
In a new study, infants as young as 6 months old demonstrated that they can rapidly integrate learning, memory and attention to improve their search for faces in a simple scene.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 6:49 pm
Young bats adopt a specific 'dialect' spoken by their own colonies, even when this dialect differs from the bat 'mother tongue,' a new study shows. By offering insight into the evolutionary origins of language acquisition skills, the study calls into question the uniqueness of this skill in humans.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 12:07 am
The etiology of a behavior, such as alcohol drinking, can change during adolescence and young adulthood. A new article explores factors of family and friend influences on youth and young adult drinking.
Posted: October 30, 2017, 10:46 pm
Researchers have identified a pathway in the brain that seems to connect exposure to adverse experiences during early childhood with depression and problems with physical health in teens and preteens.
Posted: October 30, 2017, 8:52 pm
Women who breastfeed their children longer exhibit more maternal sensitivity well past the infant and toddler years, according to a 10-year longitudinal study.
Posted: October 30, 2017, 6:59 pm
Artificial intelligence software can now evaluate the maturity of a preterm infant's brain directly from an EEG.
Posted: October 27, 2017, 6:30 pm
Canadian immigrant parents, refugees, women and minorities are at greater risk of mental health issues and socioeconomic challenges, with their children more likely to suffer learning setbacks before kindergarten, a pair of studies have shown.
Posted: October 25, 2017, 11:41 pm
Women who live with their own mother or their mother in law in the same household have, on average, fewer children than women who only live with their spouse. Evolutionary anthropologists report this on the basis of intercultural data of 2.5 million women worldwide. Until now, evolutionary biologists have assumed the opposite.
Posted: October 25, 2017, 8:01 pm
About a quarter of adults whose marijuana use is problematic in early adulthood have anxiety disorders in childhood and late adolescence, according to new data.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 11:47 pm
Across very different cultures -- Ghana and the United States -- when parents acknowledge the perspectives of their adolescent children and encourage them to express themselves, the youths have a stronger sense of self-worth, intrinsic motivation, and engagement, and also have less depression. Yet having the latitude to make decisions appears to function differently in the two cultures, with positive outcomes for youths in the United States but not in Ghana.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 8:03 pm
Infant cries activate specific brain regions related to movement and speech, according to a study of mothers in 11 countries. The findings identify behaviors and underlying brain activities that are consistent among mothers from different cultures.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 3:57 am
Women who give birth in winter or spring are less likely than women who deliver in the fall or summer to suffer from postpartum depression (PPD), suggests a study of more than 20,000 women. The study also found that women who delivered babies at a higher gestational age (further along in their pregnancy) were less likely to develop PPD, and women who did not have anesthesia, such as an epidural, during delivery had an increased risk.
Posted: October 22, 2017, 6:57 pm
Having a parent with an alcohol use disorder increases the risk for dating violence among teenagers, according to a study.
Posted: October 20, 2017, 10:28 pm
Snakes and spiders evoke fear and disgust in many people, even in developed countries where hardly anybody comes into contact with them. Until now, there has been debate about whether this aversion is innate or learnt. Scientists have recently discovered that it is hereditary: Even babies feel stressed when seeing these creatures - long before they could have learnt this reaction.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 8:39 pm
According to a recent study, parental support for the autonomy of young people promotes the well-being of the latter in all major educational transitions: from primary to lower secondary school, from basic education to upper secondary school, and from upper secondary school to university.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 7:39 pm
Researchers found that about 40 percent of adolescents in 2015 slept less than 7 hours a night, which is 58 percent more than in 1991 and 17 percent more than in 2009. They further learned that the more time young people reported spending online, the less sleep they got. Teens who spent 5 hours a day online were 50 percent more likely to not sleep enough than their peers who only spent an hour online each day.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 7:34 pm
One of the largest and best-documented trials of children receiving early antiretroviral therapy -- the CHER clinical trial in South Africa -- finds ongoing white matter damage in HIV-positive children at the age of 7 years. The study aims to contribute to a better understanding of brain development in HIV-infected and exposed children, as well as the impact of long-term antiretroviral treatment.
Posted: October 17, 2017, 8:31 pm
When talking with their young infants, parents instinctively use 'baby talk,' a unique form of speech including exaggerated pitch contours and short, repetitive phrases. Now, researchers have found another unique feature of the way mothers talk to their babies: they shift the timbre of their voice in a rather specific way. The findings hold true regardless of a mother's native language.
Posted: October 13, 2017, 12:03 am
Forty world experts on child development and mental health have released a joint statement calling for caution when applying an influential classification for assessing infant mental health and potential cases of abuse.
Posted: October 11, 2017, 9:33 pm
Children with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) are likely to also have trouble with touch (tactile) processing. A new study finds that children with ADHD fare worse on several tests of tactile functioning, including reaction time and detecting a weak stimulus on the skin (detection threshold).
Posted: October 10, 2017, 11:54 pm
Children with autism are more likely to show severe social symptoms if their mother had chronic asthma or allergies while pregnant, a new study reveals.
Posted: October 10, 2017, 11:09 pm
Oxytocin is indispensable for developing the social brain. Suckling babies absorb oxytocin from mother's milk, but gut closure occurs soon after birth to prevent uptake of undesired and desired macromolecules. Researchers have found that the molecule RAGE, on the intestinal epithelium, transports oxytocin into the blood even after gut closure. This finding suggests the advantage of breastfeeding and oral oxytocin administration to increase its concentration in blood and mother-child bond.
Posted: October 10, 2017, 9:16 pm
Younger primary school children are more likely to be diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than their older peers within the same school year, new research has shown.
Posted: October 10, 2017, 4:45 am
For the first time, researchers have evidence of exactly what dads are doing while moms are taking care of housework or tending to their child. The results will be disappointing for those who expected more gender equity in modern society.
Posted: October 9, 2017, 6:13 pm
A new study argues that parenting styles are shaped by economic factors that incentivize one strategy over others.
Posted: October 6, 2017, 4:33 am
Teenagers with school starting times before 8:30 a.m. may be at particular risk of experiencing depression and anxiety due to compromised sleep quality, according to a recent study.
Posted: October 5, 2017, 7:57 pm
Taking multivitamins during early pregnancy may be associated with a reduced risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children compared with mothers who do not take multivitamins, finds a study.
Posted: October 5, 2017, 4:34 am
The majority of Dutch children who lost a parent to intimate partner homicide had already experienced violence, often without professional support.
Posted: October 4, 2017, 11:56 pm
The multidisciplinary team at Children's National Health System has consulted on 90 dyads (mothers and their Zika-affected fetuses/infants). The lessons learned about when and how these women were infected and how their offspring were affected by Zika may be instructive to institutions.
Posted: October 4, 2017, 10:19 pm
Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound provide complementary data needed to assess ongoing changes to the brains of fetuses exposed to Zika in utero.
Posted: October 4, 2017, 6:19 pm
Mothers are more likely to spend money on daughters and fathers are more likely to spend on sons -- despite the fact that parents think they are spending equally -- new research indicates.
Posted: October 4, 2017, 5:59 am
Researchers have discovered that brief online or in-person behavioral therapy for parents is equally effective in improving children's behavior and parental knowledge -- a potential game changer for parents strapped for time and access.
Posted: October 3, 2017, 10:21 pm
Cooling babies deprived of oxygen at birth (perinatal asphyxia) can reduce the number of children who develop epilepsy later in childhood, according to a new study.
Posted: October 3, 2017, 10:21 pm
Meaningful interventions for extremely low birth weight survivors and their parents can improve the lives of preterm survivors and potentially prevent the development of depression and anxiety in adulthood, say researchers.
Posted: October 3, 2017, 7:09 pm
Effective early intervention is crucial for young children with ADHD, due to the unfavorable short-term and long-term outcomes associated with the disorder.
Posted: October 3, 2017, 7:09 pm
Scientists have found that physical abuse was associated with decreases in children's cognitive performance, while non-abusive forms of physical punishment were independently associated with reduced school engagement and increased peer isolation.
Posted: September 30, 2017, 12:52 am
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