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Latest research on parenting. Everything from infancy through the teen years, including breastfeeding, colic, academic success, behavioral problems, teen relationships and more.

Babies are adept at getting what they need -- including an education. New research shows that babies organize mothers' verbal responses, which promotes more effective language instruction, and infant babbling is the key.
Posted: January 19, 2018, 12:55 am
A new study provides one of the first looks inside the infant's brain to show where the sense of touch is processed -- not just when a baby feels a touch to the hand or foot, but when the baby sees an adult's hand or foot being touched, as well. Researchers say these connections help lay the groundwork for the developmental and cognitive skills of imitation and empathy.
Posted: January 17, 2018, 1:10 am
Young people with shared residency after their parents’ divorce have fewer mental problems than young people with other residency arrangements.
Posted: January 16, 2018, 8:06 pm
Preterm babies born early in the third trimester of pregnancy are likely to experience delays in the development of the auditory cortex, a brain region essential to hearing and understanding sound, a new study reveals. Such delays are associated with speech and language impairments at age 2, the researchers found.
Posted: January 16, 2018, 1:46 am
Historically, grandmothers have been important to their grandchildren, and the help provided by grandmothers has increased grandchild survival during the times of high child mortality. However, there have been signs that in many populations, the impact of maternal grandmothers and paternal grandmothers on their grandchildren has been different. A recent study shows that X-chromosome relatedness between grandmothers and their grandchildren did not affect grandchild survival in the 18th and 19th century Finland.
Posted: January 15, 2018, 10:46 pm
Teens who were severely bullied as children by peers are at higher risk of mental health issues, including suicidal thoughts and behaviours, according to new research.
Posted: January 15, 2018, 8:12 pm
Three- to five-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and delayed language development appear to process voices differently than typically developing children, according to a new study.
Posted: January 10, 2018, 6:35 pm
Mothers of children with obesity may be more likely to use direct statements to restrict a child's eating.
Posted: January 9, 2018, 8:58 pm
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increases the risk of subsequent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescent and young adult populations by about three times, reports a new study.
Posted: January 3, 2018, 2:02 am
A new study suggests that using topiramate in early pregnancy, particularly at the high doses used for epilepsy, increases the risk of oral clefts.
Posted: December 28, 2017, 11:50 pm
The popularity of energy drinks and junk food might have unique risks for teenagers who consume too much of them during the later stages of brain development. These are just two of the factors potentially affecting teen brain development examined in a new special issue of Birth Defects Research: The Teenage Brain, published by the Teratology Society with John Wiley & Sons.
Posted: December 18, 2017, 10:34 pm
Pawning family valuables or paying one bill while letting another bill slide may be warning signs that someone is at risk for being food insecure. A new study uses data collected from people who visit food pantries to show that these financial coping strategies can help identify people who are very food insecure or at risk for becoming food insecure.
Posted: December 18, 2017, 10:32 pm
A new study found that adolescents who exhibited prosocial behavior toward strangers had higher self-esteem a year later. The same was not true for prosocial behavior solely to friends and family.
Posted: December 18, 2017, 10:26 pm
Ten-week-old babies can learn from practicing walking months before they begin walking themselves, say researchers.
Posted: December 14, 2017, 8:44 pm
Children who routinely eat their meals together with their family are more likely to experience long-term physical and mental health benefits, a new study shows.
Posted: December 14, 2017, 7:53 pm
Healthy relationships with their parents are vital for adolescents' development and well-being, according to researchers who say rejection from fathers may lead to increases in social anxiety and loneliness.
Posted: December 13, 2017, 8:25 pm
Parents and pediatricians know that reading to infants is a good thing, but new research shows reading books that clearly name and label people and objects is even better.
Posted: December 12, 2017, 5:57 am
It may be tempting to let your kids stay up late playing games on their smartphones, but using digital devices before bed may contribute to sleep and nutrition problems in children, according to researchers.
Posted: December 8, 2017, 4:55 am
Racial differences in parents' reports of concerns about their child's development to healthcare providers may contribute to delayed diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in black children, according to a study.
Posted: December 7, 2017, 2:53 am
A new study shows that in infants who were born severely premature, human rhinovirus infections appear to trigger airway hyper-reactivity, which leads to wheezing, hyperinflation and more severe respiratory disease.
Posted: December 7, 2017, 12:46 am
A happy working mom feels competent in interacting with her child, experiences a sense of freedom and choice in her actions, while having a warm and affectionate relationship with her baby. She is also not too hard on herself about how she is faring as a mother.
Posted: December 6, 2017, 10:55 pm
A woman's emotional and physical health during pregnancy impacts a developing fetus, research shows. However, less is known about the effect of past stressors and posttraumatic stress disorder on an expectant woman.
Posted: December 5, 2017, 11:31 pm
Research indicates that most people are in the UK are in favor of newborn screening for the potentially deadly condition spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).
Posted: December 5, 2017, 10:30 pm
Infants raised in homes where they hear a single language, but spoken with different accents, recognize words dramatically differently at about 12 months of age than their age-matched peers exposed to little variation in accent, according to an expert in language development. The findings point to the importance of considering the effects of multiple accents when studying speech development and suggest that monolingual infants shouldn't be viewed as a single group.
Posted: December 5, 2017, 9:11 pm
A fresh look at a federally sponsored 2012 national study shows a significant link between parent's behaviors and thoughts of suicide among adolescents.
Posted: December 5, 2017, 7:45 pm
For the first time, scientists have measured the stress levels of fathers of premature babies during the tense transition between the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and home and discovered fathers are more stressed than moms, according to a new study.
Posted: December 4, 2017, 9:23 pm
Consuming encapsulated placentas has little to no effect on postpartum mood and maternal bonding; detectable changes shown in hormones.
Posted: December 2, 2017, 4:45 am
A later school start time could mean teens are more likely to get adequate amounts of sleep, according to researchers.
Posted: December 1, 2017, 7:40 pm
Cannabis use in youth is linked to bipolar symptoms in young adults, finds new research.
Posted: December 1, 2017, 8:19 am
When newborn babies are under stress, their brains show a heightened response to pain, a new study has found. However, you'd never know it from the way those infants act. The findings show that stress leads to an apparent disconnect between babies' brain activity and their behavior. Stressed babies may not seem to respond to pain, even as their brain is still processing it.
Posted: November 30, 2017, 10:58 pm
A new study has found that differences in vocabulary growth among grade school children of different socioeconomic statuses are likely related to differences in the process of word learning.
Posted: November 30, 2017, 10:58 pm
Mental illness associated with early childhood adversity may be passed from generation to generation, according to a new study of adults whose parents evacuated Finland as children during World War II.
Posted: November 29, 2017, 10:32 pm
Making eye contact with an infant makes adults' and babies' brainwaves 'get in sync' with each other -- which is likely to support communication and learning.
Posted: November 29, 2017, 9:12 pm
An expert argues that a recent study failed to use appropriate methods, and is highly flawed, and argues that there is overwhelming evidence that infant imitation is real.
Posted: November 29, 2017, 5:30 am
Babies are physically affected by the stress level of their mother during pregnancy, new research indicates.
Posted: November 29, 2017, 5:29 am
New research has estimated that each year five babies in every 1,000 born in England suffer a condition or sign linked to brain injury.
Posted: November 28, 2017, 7:54 pm
Researchers found that mothers of teenagers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disability (ID) reported higher levels of stress and other negative psychological symptoms -- think depression or anxiety -- than mothers of teenagers with typical development (TD). Those levels climbed even higher when teenagers with ASD or ID also showed signs of clinical-level disruptive behavior disorders.
Posted: November 28, 2017, 1:50 am
The amount of physical contact between infants and their caregivers can affect children at the molecular level. The study of DNA methylation patterns showed that children who had been more distressed as infants and had received less physical contact had a molecular profile that was underdeveloped for their age. This is the first study to show in humans that the simple act of touching, early in life, has deeply-rooted and potentially lifelong consequences on genetic expression.
Posted: November 27, 2017, 8:19 pm
Babies as young as 10 months can assess how much someone values a particular goal by observing how hard they are willing to work to achieve it, according to a new study. This ability requires integrating information about both the costs of obtaining a goal and the benefit gained by the person seeking it, suggesting that babies acquire very early an intuition about how people make decisions.
Posted: November 24, 2017, 7:13 pm
By six to nine months, babies already have a basic understanding of words for food and body parts. Researchers show that babies also recognize that words like 'car' and 'stroller' are more alike than 'car' and 'juice.' By analyzing home recordings, the team found that overall, babies' word knowledge correlated with the proportion of time they heard people talking about objects in their immediate surroundings.
Posted: November 21, 2017, 4:15 am
Researchers have cast doubt on a widely-held belief that connects family income with cognitive development. The popular theory holds that genes play a larger role in brain development for children from advantaged environments than in those from poorer backgrounds, especially in the United States.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 7:51 pm
The search for the best preschool or childcare option is often a challenging experience -- and many parents aren't sure if the one they pick is safe and healthy for their child.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 7:24 pm
When children become upset, showing negative emotions or behaviors, some parents become distressed, while others are able to talk their child through the difficult situation. Studies have shown that a mothers' reaction -- positive or negative -- to her child's negative emotions can predict whether her child develops the ability to effectively regulate his emotions and behavior. A new study explores potential predictors of mothers' supportive or non-supportive behavior during emotional challenges.
Posted: November 18, 2017, 5:37 am
Children who have been spanked by their parents by age 5 show an increase in behavior problems at age 6 and age 8 relative to children who have never been spanked, according to new findings. The study, which uses a statistical technique to approximate random assignment, indicates that this increase in behavior problems cannot be attributed to various characteristics of the child, the parents, or the home environment - rather, it seems to be the specific result of spanking.
Posted: November 16, 2017, 11:57 pm
Adolescents whose fathers have depressive symptoms are more likely to experience symptoms of depression themselves, finds a new study.
Posted: November 16, 2017, 6:23 am
High quality preschool is one of the most effective means of preparing all children to succeed in school. This review of research indicates the need to expand our definitions of quality.
Posted: November 15, 2017, 7:48 pm
New research has found that the amount of distress and pain felt by a preschooler during a vaccination is strongly related to how to their parents help them cope before and during an appointment.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 11:03 pm
The vast majority of children and adolescents who receive cognitive behavioral therapy treatment for OCD thrive and live without symptoms a year after the end of treatment, shows new research.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 9:11 pm
Hair cortisol levels, which is a steroid hormone secreted as a response to stress, are higher in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy for those women that will later suffer postpartum depression, new research indicates.
Posted: November 13, 2017, 9:40 pm
Preschool children who engage in math activities at home with their parents not only improve their math skills, but also their general vocabulary, according to research from Purdue University.
Posted: November 11, 2017, 3:10 am
Successful implementation of preschool to third grade programs yields benefits in increasing school readiness, improving attendance, and strengthening parental involvement in school education -- strategies that can close the achievement gap for children at risk, according to a new study.
Posted: November 9, 2017, 11:41 pm
A national survey of more than 200 pediatric primary care physicians found that while over three-quarters addressed at least one parental health issue, such as maternal depression or parental tobacco use, during child health visits and a majority recognized the impact of such issues on children's health, fewer felt responsible for addressing them.
Posted: November 9, 2017, 8:02 pm
Cutting back on yelling, criticism and other harsh parenting approaches, including physical punishment, has the power to calm children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, according to a new study.
Posted: November 7, 2017, 10:00 pm
Postnatal depression among new mothers is a well-known phenomenon. Knowledge about depression in new fathers, however, is more limited. A new study shows that depression among new fathers may be more common than previously believed. There is also a major risk that it remains undetected using today's screening instruments, and that fathers do not receive the help they need.
Posted: November 6, 2017, 9:52 pm
Relational factors in music therapy can contribute to a positive outcome of therapy for children with autism.
Posted: November 6, 2017, 8:27 pm
Previously, it was believed that lack of blood flow was causing preterm brain cells to die. Instead, these critically important cells simply fail to develop normally, report investigators. This finding creates an opportunity to determine ways to restore oxygen loss and potentially reduce life-long impacts of preterm survivors.
Posted: November 3, 2017, 3:33 am
Mindfulness may offer an active coping mechanism for mothers faced with the stress of having a newborn diagnosed with congenital heart disease (CHD). Mindfulness, which aims to increase a person's awareness and acceptance of daily experiences, is currently used in a variety of healthcare settings as a potentially effective skill for stress reduction, emotion, affect and attention regulation.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 10:19 pm
Removing electronic media from the bedroom and encouraging a calming bedtime routine are among recommendations researchers outline in a recent manuscript on digital media and sleep in childhood and adolescence.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 9:40 pm
A new study shows if a younger sibling feels like they're the favorite and their parents agree, their relationship is strengthened. With older siblings, whether they feel favored or not, it has no major effect on the relationship.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 9:39 pm
Getting spanked as a child can lead to a host of mental health problems in adulthood, say researchers.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 8:30 pm
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