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Latest research on parenting. Everything from infancy through the teen years, including breastfeeding, colic, academic success, behavioral problems, teen relationships and more.

The causes of severe antisocial behavior may differ between boys and girls, which could pave the way for new sex-specific treatments, according to a major new study.
Posted: July 21, 2017, 6:16 pm
A new article addresses ongoing conversations about bridging the gap between practice and research within the field of family therapy.
Posted: July 20, 2017, 7:20 pm
In a recent study of young children experiencing homelessness, high-quality parenting was associated with better peer relationships and protection from internalizing problems in the context of family adversity.
Posted: July 19, 2017, 6:17 pm
Can the kinds of microbes colonizing the gut at age 1 predict later cognitive development? New findings shed light on the surprising role of bacteria in how our brains develop during the first years of life.
Posted: July 18, 2017, 7:36 am
A new study is among the first to investigate how babies can learn a second language outside of the home. The researchers sought to answer a fundamental question: Can babies be taught a second language if they don't get foreign language exposure at home, and if so, what kind of foreign language exposure, and how much, is needed to spark that learning?
Posted: July 17, 2017, 9:23 pm
Babies with hearing loss who are diagnosed by three months and receive interventions by six months have broader vocabularies than those treated later, a new study found. It also found that nearly half don't meet early intervention guidelines.
Posted: July 14, 2017, 1:18 am
Mothers who breastfeed for a total of at least 15 months over one or more pregnancies may be less likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) compared with those who don't breastfeed at all or do so for up to four months, according to a study.
Posted: July 13, 2017, 5:41 am
In a first-of its kind study, researchers found an elevated risk of intellectual disability (ID) in children born to mothers treated with antidepressants, but the risk was not statistically significant and is likely due to other factors, including parental age and the parents' psychiatric history.
Posted: July 12, 2017, 8:34 pm
There is a strong direct link between household income and children's outcomes, a new review of 61 studies shows.
Posted: July 12, 2017, 6:17 pm
What is the best way to help poor schoolchildren succeed at math? A study now sheds light on the ways preschool activities may -- or may not -- help children develop cognitive skills.
Posted: July 7, 2017, 12:00 am
A study comparing the well-being of children growing up in single-mother-by-choice and heterosexual two-parent families has found no differences in terms of parent-child relationship or child development. However, the study did find that the single-mothers-by-choice did have a greater social support network.
Posted: July 5, 2017, 7:23 pm
Children's health and well-being while growing up can be indicators of the potential health issues they may encounter years later. A new study suggests that a childhood psychiatric disorder increases the risk of developing addiction later in life.
Posted: July 3, 2017, 6:02 pm
Around one in five children with Tourette syndrome, a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary movements and vocalizations, met criteria for autism, a study shows. But this prevalence may be more a reflection of similarity in symptoms than actual autism, according to the study's researchers.
Posted: June 22, 2017, 8:35 pm
About half of all pet owners share their beds or bedrooms with their pets. Studies about co-sleeping are limited to the bedtime arrangements of adults, or parents and their children. Researchers say that society regards both human-animal and adult-child co-sleeping with apprehension. These concerns should be set aside because both practices have their benefits, says the lead author of a new study.
Posted: June 22, 2017, 8:10 pm
People who grew up in single-parent families have lower levels of wellbeing and life satisfaction in adulthood, according to new research.
Posted: June 22, 2017, 5:59 pm
Negative body image is associated with increased tobacco and alcohol use, with implications for both young men and women, new research concludes.
Posted: June 22, 2017, 12:45 am
Researchers found no evidence that laboratory-diagnosis alone of maternal influenza during pregnancy is associated with risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the offspring. They did, however, find a trend toward risk in mothers with a laboratory diagnosis of influenza and self-reported symptoms of severe illness. This trend did not achieve statistical significance.
Posted: June 21, 2017, 11:04 pm
A pediatric infectious disease specialist and a pathologist and medical microbiologist report on the age-old practice now known as elimination communication (EC).
Posted: June 21, 2017, 10:23 pm
Sons of older fathers are more intelligent, more focused on their interests and less concerned about fitting in, all characteristics typically seen in 'geeks,' suggests new British research.
Posted: June 20, 2017, 9:11 pm
How did music begin? Did our early ancestors first start by beating things together to create rhythm, or use their voices to sing? What types of instruments did they use? Has music always been important in human society, and if so, why? These are some of the questions explored in a new article. The answers reveal that the story of music is, in many ways, the story of humans.
Posted: June 20, 2017, 7:01 pm
Adolescent male mice fed a diet lacking omega-3 fatty acids show increased anxiety-like behavior and worse performance on a memory task in adulthood, according to new research.
Posted: June 19, 2017, 11:10 pm
Parents who want their children to have prosocial values are the most successful in instilling all their values in their children compared to those who promote selfishness, new research indicates.
Posted: June 19, 2017, 6:55 pm
Most moms of children ages 0-5 have been criticized about topics ranging from discipline to breast-feeding - most frequently from someone in their own family.
Posted: June 19, 2017, 6:51 pm
The birth of a child is often a long-awaited and deeply meaningful event, but the transition to parenthood also forces the parents to revise their interparental romantic relationship. At the same time as the parents learn how to cope with the new situation, the infant undergoes one of the most intense developmental periods in human life. Attachment research has demonstrated the importance of the mother-infant relationship to children’s emotional development, but there is still relatively little research on the role of fathers, the marital relationship and the family as a whole.
Posted: June 16, 2017, 6:45 pm
There is a tendency to highlight the importance of cognitive achievements and the family’s socioeconomic background for people’s success in the future, but this study shows that children’s self-regulation, which comprises children’s social skills and processing of emotions, directs the future development in a profound way in different domains of life. Strong self-regulation promotes success in education and work, the intimate relationship, health behavior, integration into society and the development of a flexible personality.
Posted: June 15, 2017, 6:17 pm
Researchers have announced the publication of results from a multi-site phase 2 clinical trial with brexanolone, an investigational medication, in the treatment of severe postpartum depression (PPD).
Posted: June 13, 2017, 7:50 pm
Parents of prematurely born babies often fear their children may go on to struggle in school, but findings from a new large-scale study should reassure parents.
Posted: June 12, 2017, 9:24 pm
Adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are licensed to drive less often and, when this group is licensed, they have a greater risk of crashing, according to a new study.
Posted: June 12, 2017, 9:24 pm
Children with either no exposure or limited exposure to sign language end up with better auditory, speaking and reading skills later, a new, multisite study of deaf children with cochlear implants has found. The paper is one of the first nationwide longitudinal studies of how sign language exposure affects young cochlear implant recipients.
Posted: June 12, 2017, 7:10 pm
Researchers have found regular and occasional cannabis use as a teen is associated with a greater risk of other illicit drug taking in early adulthood. The study also found cannabis use was associated with harmful drinking and smoking.
Posted: June 8, 2017, 7:54 am
In previous studies, researchers linked infant brain anatomy differences to autism diagnoses at age two. Now they show differences in functional connections between brain regions at 6 months to predict autism at age two.
Posted: June 8, 2017, 12:59 am
Functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (fcMRI) may predict which high-risk, 6-month old infants will develop autism spectrum disorder by age 2 years, according to a new study.
Posted: June 7, 2017, 11:43 pm
Overweight children have more unreciprocated friendships and frenemies than their thinner counterparts, a new study has found. In a survey of 504 preteens in the Netherlands, researchers found that overweight children are excluded from friendships, call classmates friends when the feeling is not mutual and are disliked by peers. And overweight children dislike more classmates than their thinner peers. These heightened negative relationships take a mental, social and physical toll.
Posted: June 7, 2017, 11:43 pm
For mothers who feel that they are not in control of certain aspects of life and who are struggling with their relationship to their teenage children, social support may make a great difference. But the same does not seem to apply to fathers in the same situation, a new study shows.
Posted: June 7, 2017, 7:11 pm
A recent systematic literature review has investigated potential sociodemographic, physical, mental, and social factors that may cause breastfeeding mothers to stop breastfeeding before infants reach 6 months of age.
Posted: June 7, 2017, 6:24 pm
Involuntary childlessness prior to either a first or a second birth is associated with lower academic achievement -- both test scores and grade point average -- at age 16, even if the period of infertility was prior to a sibling's birth rather than the child's own, research indicates.
Posted: June 6, 2017, 6:31 pm
Room sharing between babies and mothers beyond the first four months is associated with less sleep for babies and unsafe sleeping practices.
Posted: June 5, 2017, 7:51 pm
A new study is the first to demonstrate a higher risk of congenital anomalies and resuscitation at birth in newborns of mothers who have obstructive sleep apnea.
Posted: June 4, 2017, 9:27 pm
With the goal of prevention, a new study of children and teens with autism spectrum disorders found five risk factors that are significantly associated with an increased likelihood of seeking inpatient psychiatric care.
Posted: June 2, 2017, 8:58 pm
Babies exposed to an antidepressant or a mood disorder during fetal life did not have any more signs of irritability, difficulty feeding, sleep disturbances and respiratory problems two to four weeks after birth than babies who were not exposed. Instead, the major factor associated with newborn problems was preterm birth.
Posted: June 1, 2017, 11:26 pm
A diagnosis of autism alone does not increase the risk of violent offending suggests a new study.
Posted: June 1, 2017, 5:02 am
A new study found that a parent's outlook on life can have a profound influence on the behavior of their child.
Posted: May 31, 2017, 7:18 pm
The use of mobile technology is among children and adolescents is very diverse, research shows. The work points to great complexity in the effects of that usage.
Posted: May 30, 2017, 5:50 pm
If the mother is stressed over a longer period of time during pregnancy, the concentration of stress hormones in amniotic fluid rises, as proven by an interdisciplinary team of researchers. Short-term stress situations, however, do not seem to have an unfavorable effect on the development of the fetus.
Posted: May 29, 2017, 6:35 pm
Researchers analysed data of hundreds of UK children who had been born through IVF or ICSI (when the man has a low sperm count), testing the same groups of children every few years up to the age of 11. They found a positive association between artificial conception and cognitive development when a child was between the ages of three and five.
Posted: May 26, 2017, 2:12 am
Human social groups have a strange tendency to share responsibility for taking care of infants; parents, older siblings, and other adult relatives all help to nurture babies. The only other primates that take care of infants this way are marmosets, a group of small, highly social monkeys from South America. In another striking parallel to humans, infant marmosets also benefit from frequent feedback while learning their vocal calls.
Posted: May 25, 2017, 10:00 pm
Fathers with toddler daughters are more attentive and responsive to those daughters' needs than fathers with toddler sons are to the needs of those sons, according to brain scans and recordings of the parents' daily interactions with their kids.
Posted: May 25, 2017, 7:33 pm
Using volunteers to train parents concerned about attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in their children can improve capacity to meet increasing ADHD treatment needs, finds a new study.
Posted: May 25, 2017, 1:53 am
A new study shows mindfulness training that addresses fear and pain during childbirth can improve women's childbirth experiences and reduce their depression symptoms during pregnancy and the early postpartum period.
Posted: May 24, 2017, 10:41 pm
About half of parents reported that technology interrupted time with their children three or more times on a typical day. Even in low amounts, interruptions to parent-child time caused by digital technology are associated with greater child behavior problems, a new study suggests.
Posted: May 24, 2017, 7:45 pm
While firearms are present in 18 percent to 64 percent of US homes, almost 40 percent of parents erroneously believe that their children are unaware where weapons are stored, and 22 percent of parents wrongly think that their children have never handled household firearms.
Posted: May 23, 2017, 10:12 pm
Mothers are viewed negatively if their child hasn't been vaccinated, no matter the reason. But mothers who outright refuse to vaccinate their children are viewed in a harsher light compared to those who delay vaccines because of safety concerns or who aren't up to date due to time constraints.
Posted: May 23, 2017, 5:55 pm
Bed-sharing, the unsafe practice in which parents sleep in the same bed as their babies, is associated with sleep-related deaths in infants, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed. Researchers have now found that face-to-face postpartum education about safe infant sleep, combined with the distribution of a baby box, a cardboard bassinet, reduced the rates of bed-sharing during babies' first 8 days of life.
Posted: May 22, 2017, 5:37 pm
Mother cells from the adult carotid body can transform into blood vessels, as well as into neurons. This discovery could have important repercussions on the advance in treatment of diseases as different as pediatric tumors and Parkinson's.
Posted: May 18, 2017, 8:10 pm
Children of migrants to Chinese cities have lower rates of obesity than youngsters in more affluent established urban families - probably because their grandparents are not around to over-feed them, a new study has found.
Posted: May 18, 2017, 4:06 am
Online self-management support for parents with Bipolar Disorder leads to improvements in parenting and child behavior.
Posted: May 17, 2017, 7:41 pm
A new study has found that children in Head Start who miss 10 percent or more of the school year have fewer gains in academics than their peers who attend preschool more regularly. Many researchers see high-quality preschool programs as a way to reduce long-term disparities in education. Placing an emphasis on attendance in preschool programs may be important to maximizing benefits.
Posted: May 16, 2017, 5:38 pm
As kids get ready to splash around in pools this summer, some parents may underestimate drowning risks, suggests a new national poll.
Posted: May 15, 2017, 6:41 pm
A $2.2 million, first-of-its kind randomized study found no differences between kids with asthma who received standard care based on National Institutes of Health guidelines compared with kids whose parents received stress-mitigation techniques in addition to evidence-based asthma care.
Posted: May 12, 2017, 9:35 pm
Athletes with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to compete in team contact sports than individual sports, which could increase their risk of injury, suggests a new study.
Posted: May 11, 2017, 11:27 pm
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