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Latest research on parenting. Everything from infancy through the teen years, including breastfeeding, colic, academic success, behavioral problems, teen relationships and more.

An online program persuaded teenage mothers across 10 Kentucky counties to seek medical help for depression, highlighting an inexpensive way to increase mental health treatment rates for the vulnerable group.
Posted: March 16, 2018, 11:25 pm
Although the problem of whether fetuses are able to feel pain or not is still controversial, researchers in Spain have found that from the second trimester of pregnancy, the future baby already shows signs of pain when given a harmful stimulus or as a response to stress. The finding, the researchers argue, indicate the need to anesthetize the fetus during open fetal surgery.
Posted: March 16, 2018, 3:14 pm
The emotional and sexual abuse that some children endure can lead them to commit crimes later in life. But when children achieve good grades and don't skip school, the likelihood of self-reported, chronic criminal behaviors declines significantly.
Posted: March 14, 2018, 4:54 pm
Having a larger family is linked to a heightened tooth loss risk for moms, suggest the results of a large European study.
Posted: March 14, 2018, 2:55 am
Investing in diminishing socioeconomic status inequalities and in preventing violent events during childhood may improve the mental health of youths from low socioeconomic status backgrounds. The results showed that having experienced any traumatic event and low socioeconomic status were associated with an internalizing disorder such as depression and anxiety and an externalizing disorder including attention-deficit hyperactivity.
Posted: March 8, 2018, 5:05 pm
Adult children who return to live with their parents, the so-called ‘boomerang generation’, cause a significant decline in parents’ quality of life and well-being, according to new research.
Posted: March 7, 2018, 3:08 pm
Scientists have shown that the way we speak to our canine friends is important in relationship-building between pet and owner, similar to the way that 'baby-talk' is to bonding between a baby and an adult.
Posted: March 6, 2018, 4:58 pm
Moms who continue to co-sleep -- by sharing either a room or bed -- with their infants past six months were more likely to feel depressed, worried about their babies' sleep and think their decisions were being criticized, according to researchers.
Posted: February 28, 2018, 7:44 pm
Tracking nearly 8,000 girls from adolescence through their late 20s - far longer than other studies have - a researcher says girls who get their periods earlier than peers are likely to experience depression and antisocial behavior well into adulthood.
Posted: February 28, 2018, 6:11 pm
A landmark study reveals that activation of a pregnant mother's immune system can affect her baby's brain development. A team of researchers found that short- and long-term brain functioning can be influenced by immune system activity during the third trimester of gestation.
Posted: February 28, 2018, 3:32 pm
A new study shows that the closer a person gets to the age at which their parent exhibited the first signs of Alzheimer's, the more likely they are to have amyloid plaques, the cause of the cognitive decline associated with the disease, in their brain.
Posted: February 26, 2018, 6:14 pm
In a new study, nasally administered oxytocin spray strengthened brain responses to pictures of infant and adult faces in mothers of 1-year-old infants.
Posted: February 26, 2018, 3:33 pm
Researcher have demonstrated that premature birth has a significant and, at the same time, a very selective effect on the functional networks of a child's brain. The effects can primarily be seen in the frontal lobe, which is significant for cognitive functions.
Posted: February 26, 2018, 2:03 pm
Whereas severe infections with long-term hospitalizations can make it more difficult for a child to pass the 9th grade exam, recurring less serious severe infections do not affect children's learning.
Posted: February 23, 2018, 5:24 pm
A study of more than 60,000 children enrolled in Norway's universal early education system has found the program improves language skills and narrows achievement gaps.
Posted: February 22, 2018, 5:57 pm
A psychologist has examined the preconceptions about the effects of emotions on children's eating habits, creating the framework for future studies of how dietary patterns evolve in early childhood. Researchers have demonstrated that children from 4½ to 9 years old chose chocolate candy over goldfish crackers more frequently in response to both happiness and sadness.
Posted: February 21, 2018, 11:05 pm
Smartphones should not be seen as universally bad. New research shows how teens use online tools to build up relationships and arrange activities in real life. However, some vulnerable teens are experiencing greater negative effects of life online.
Posted: February 21, 2018, 8:24 pm
A child's growth and development is affected by the health and lifestyles of their parents before pregnancy -- even going back to adolescence -- according to a new paper.
Posted: February 21, 2018, 6:19 pm
A new research report shows that a high ranking in the Human Development Index is connected with the availability of mental health services. In a comparison between 17 European and Asian countries, Norway, Switzerland and Finland had the highest ratio of child and adolescent psychiatrists.
Posted: February 20, 2018, 9:10 pm
Postnatal depression (PND) can impact the quality of relationships between mother and child into adult life, and have a negative influence on the quality of relationships between grandmothers and grandchildren, new research has discovered.
Posted: February 20, 2018, 5:29 pm
Adults, who report having received higher levels of parental care in childhood, perceive themselves as more attractive mates. In particular, maternal care is associated with experienced mate value in adulthood.
Posted: February 20, 2018, 2:50 pm
Parents who allow their young children to occasionally sip and taste alcohol may be contributing to an increased risk for alcohol use and related problems when those kids reach late adolescence, according to a new study. The findings contradict the common belief that letting kids sip and taste alcoholic drinks is harmless, and might even help to promote responsible drinking later in life.
Posted: February 20, 2018, 2:42 pm
A new longitudinal study looked at whether younger siblings also contribute to their older sisters' and brothers' empathy in early childhood, when empathic tendencies begin to develop. The research found that beyond the influence of parents, both older and younger siblings positively influence each other's empathic concern over time.
Posted: February 20, 2018, 1:39 pm
A new longitudinal study of adoptive families looked at whether symptoms of depression in adoptive fathers is also related to over-reactive parenting and behavior problems in children; the study also examined how social support networks affect parenting. It found that fathers' symptoms of depression were related to harsh, over-reactive parenting, but not to children's subsequent behavior problems.
Posted: February 20, 2018, 1:39 pm
Without a doctor or dentist's guidance, some parents don't follow national recommendations for early dental care for their children, a new national poll finds.
Posted: February 19, 2018, 4:53 pm
A stroke in a baby -- even a big one -- does not have the same lasting impact as a stroke in an adult. A study found that a decade or two after a 'perinatal' stroke damaged the left 'language' side of the brain, affected teenagers and young adults used the right sides of their brain for language.
Posted: February 17, 2018, 11:48 pm
New research in mice has found that a father's stress affects the brain development of his offspring. This stress changes the father's sperm, which can then alter the brain development of the child. This new research provides a much better understanding of the key role that fathers play in the brain development of offspring.
Posted: February 16, 2018, 4:05 pm
Children who have heart surgery as infants are at risk for hearing loss, coupled with associated risks for language, attention and cognitive problems, by age four. In a cohort of 348 preschoolers who survived cardiac surgery, researchers found hearing loss in about 21 percent, a rate 20 times higher than is found in the general population. This underscores the importance of early hearing evaluations in young children who undergo heart surgery.
Posted: February 15, 2018, 7:46 pm
Child development researchers wanted to look at what predicts the quality of children's friendships. The researchers measured a child's cognitions about negative but ambiguous peer events (attribution biases) and the child's tendency to experience and express strong emotions (emotional intensity).
Posted: February 15, 2018, 5:50 pm
An analysis of trends in sudden unexpected infant death finds that the drop in such deaths that took place following release of the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics 'back to sleep' recommendations, did not occur in infants in the first month of life.
Posted: February 14, 2018, 2:36 pm
Fifty-three percent of parents who receive their child's body mass index (BMI) report card do not believe that it accurately categorizes their child as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese, according to new research.
Posted: February 14, 2018, 2:36 pm
Skipping breakfast, eating junk food and doing less well in school might all result from watching TV too young, a new study finds.
Posted: February 13, 2018, 2:18 pm
Levetiracetam was found to be superior to phenobarbital as initial monotherapy for infants with nonsyndromic epilepsy.
Posted: February 12, 2018, 4:20 pm
An infant’s scores on the so-called Apgar scale can predict the risk of a later diagnosis of cerebral palsy or epilepsy. The risk rises with decreasing  Apgar score, but even slightly lowered scores can be linked to a higher risk of these diagnoses, according to an extensive observational study.
Posted: February 8, 2018, 7:48 pm
Two new studies look at the effects of stopping the newer, stronger drug natalizumab for multiple sclerosis (MS) during pregnancy. Natalizumab is generally prescribed for people with MS who have not responded to or cannot tolerate other treatments for MS as it can have a rare but potentially fatal side effect.
Posted: February 8, 2018, 6:50 pm
New research with prairie voles by child development experts suggests that prenatal stress promotes developmental plasticity in babies, making them especially likely to benefit from good parenting as well as suffer from negligent care.
Posted: February 7, 2018, 8:18 pm
Researchers found a significant number of children across four regions in the United States were determined to have fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The new findings may represent more accurate prevalence estimates of FASD among the general population than prior research.
Posted: February 6, 2018, 7:07 pm
Zika virus may cause significant damage to the fetal brain even when the baby's head size is normal, according to a primate study. The damage can be difficult to detect even with sophisticated brain scans. It may also occur from infections during childhood and adolescence. Hard hit are brain regions that generate new brain cells. Fetal brain structures that may be injured include those where neural stem cells play a role in learning and memory.
Posted: February 6, 2018, 2:07 pm
Premature babies make fewer friends, feel less accepted by peers and spend less time socializing in early childhood -- but this improves when they get to school -- according to new research.
Posted: February 5, 2018, 4:31 pm
Misleading labeling on formulas and milks marketed as 'toddler drinks' may confuse parents about their healthfulness or necessity, finds a new study.
Posted: February 5, 2018, 4:30 pm
Five novel genetic variants associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been identified by exploiting genetic overlap between ADHD and educational attainment.
Posted: February 5, 2018, 4:30 pm
Two viruses closely related to Zika -- West Nile and Powassan -- can spread from an infected pregnant mouse to her fetuses, causing brain damage and fetal death, according to a new study. The findings suggest that Zika may not be unique in its ability to cause miscarriages and birth defects.
Posted: January 31, 2018, 7:41 pm
Researchers have shown that a group of neurons responsible for arousal are directly triggered by carbon dioxide and cause mice to wake up without any changes to breathing.
Posted: January 30, 2018, 9:25 pm
Participating in an intensive early childhood education program from preschool to third grade is linked to higher educational attainment in mid-life, according to a new study.
Posted: January 30, 2018, 5:37 pm
A new study challenges the popular notion that psychiatric medications are overprescribed in children and adolescents in the US. When the researchers compared prescribing rates with prevalence rates for the most common psychiatric disorders in children, they discovered that some of these medications may be underprescribed.
Posted: January 29, 2018, 11:14 pm
Teens whose mothers had abortions were more likely to also have abortions, according to new research.
Posted: January 29, 2018, 1:58 pm
Several measures of poor sleep quality were associated with higher body mass index (BMI) in children, according to new data.
Posted: January 26, 2018, 1:54 pm
There is no evidence to support the practice of parents providing alcohol to their teenagers to protect them from alcohol-related risks during early adolescence, according to a prospective cohort study in Australia.
Posted: January 25, 2018, 9:12 pm
Stem cell researchers have reversed Prader-Willi syndrome in brain cells growing in the lab. The discovery provides clues that could lead to a treatment for Prader-Willi, a genetic disorder that silences genes necessary for normal brain function. Prader-Willi occurs in about one out of every 15,000 births, and is the most common genetic cause of life-threatening childhood obesity.
Posted: January 25, 2018, 5:04 pm
Amid a steady rise in the number of children diagnosed with ADHD, debate is brewing whether the condition may be a sleep disorder.
Posted: January 24, 2018, 11:18 pm
Infants recognize that speech in a language not their own is used for communication, finds a new psychology study. The results offer new insights into how language is processed at a young age.
Posted: January 24, 2018, 1:55 pm
Each year many deaf children get a cochlear implant to connect to the world of sounds. So far, it was not clear which processes take place in these children when they start to learn language - and why they differ in the level of language they achieve. Now, researchers have found that deaf children with a cochlear implant learn words even faster than those with normal hearing.
Posted: January 23, 2018, 5:09 pm
Parents' major concerns about child organ donation often included misunderstandings about medical care, potential suffering and cost.
Posted: January 23, 2018, 4:25 pm
Researchers are one step closer to understanding how infants become securely attached to their parents. Researchers have shown how parents' level of sensitivity is an important predictor of infant-parent attachment, but also the degree to which they are attuned to their baby's thoughts and feelings. This ability, known as mentalization, plays a crucial role in predicting infant-parent attachment.
Posted: January 23, 2018, 3:24 pm
Want to help your teenagers become successful adults? Get them involved in civic activities - voting, volunteering and activism.
Posted: January 23, 2018, 3:19 pm
Babies are adept at getting what they need -- including an education. New research shows that babies organize mothers' verbal responses, which promotes more effective language instruction, and infant babbling is the key.
Posted: January 18, 2018, 7:25 pm
Researchers are using new statistical analysis methods to compare how we observe infants develop new skills with the unseen changes in electrical activity in the brain, or electroencephalography (EEG) power. They found that most babies appear to learn new skills in irregular bursts, while their EEG power grows steadily behind the scenes.
Posted: January 17, 2018, 1:57 pm
A new study provides one of the first looks inside the infant's brain to show where the sense of touch is processed -- not just when a baby feels a touch to the hand or foot, but when the baby sees an adult's hand or foot being touched, as well. Researchers say these connections help lay the groundwork for the developmental and cognitive skills of imitation and empathy.
Posted: January 16, 2018, 7:40 pm
Young people with shared residency after their parents’ divorce have fewer mental problems than young people with other residency arrangements.
Posted: January 16, 2018, 2:36 pm
Preterm babies born early in the third trimester of pregnancy are likely to experience delays in the development of the auditory cortex, a brain region essential to hearing and understanding sound, a new study reveals. Such delays are associated with speech and language impairments at age 2, the researchers found.
Posted: January 15, 2018, 8:16 pm
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