Read scientific research on educational policies and academic achievement.
Despite increasing numbers of underrepresented minority (URM) trainees in the biomedical sciences, there is a persistent shortage of URM faculty who are involved in basic biomedical research at medical schools. Investigators examined the entire training pathway of potential faculty candidates to identify points of greatest loss of URM trainees. Two key points of loss: during undergraduate education and in transition from postdoctoral fellowship to tenure-track faculty.
Posted: January 17, 2018, 10:19 pm
In a new study, race, sex, perceived peer inclusion, and teacher discrimination were predictors of students’ delinquent behaviors.
Posted: January 15, 2018, 8:23 pm
Efforts to reverse the nation's opioid epidemic remain beset by the stigma associated with drug use, a group of researchers write in a year-end review. The researchers emphasize the need for the American health care system to embrace medications such as methadone to treat opioid use disorder, provide addiction treatment in primary care clinics and develop non-addictive alternatives for chronic pain.
Posted: January 10, 2018, 10:32 pm
Recent results indicate that the effects of recreational marijuana legalization on Oregon teens' use depends on whether the teens were already using marijuana when legal sales began.
Posted: January 9, 2018, 2:42 am
With the new emphasis on hands-on, active learning throughout higher education, lab courses would seem to have an advantage -- what could be more active than doing experiments? But surprising new research reveals traditional labs fall far short of their pedagogical goals.
Posted: January 3, 2018, 8:41 pm
Male students tend to do better on high-stakes tests in biology courses, but it's not because they are better students. Gaps in performance change based on the stakes of the test. A new study confirms this, finding that performance gaps between male and female students increased or decreased based on whether instructors emphasized or de-emphasized the value of exams.
Posted: December 29, 2017, 3:36 am
Nearly one in three 12th-graders report past year use of some kind of vaping device, raising concerns about the impact on their health. What they say is in the device, however, ranges from nicotine, to marijuana, to 'just flavoring.' The survey also suggests that use of hookahs and regular cigarettes is declining. These findings come from the 2017 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey of eighth, 10th and 12th graders in schools nationwide in the United States.
Posted: December 14, 2017, 7:52 pm
With revenue from college football at an unprecedented $3.4 billion annually, universities across the country invest millions each year in recruitment efforts for high school football players. But with talented players typically receiving multiple scholarship offers, team rosters are in limbo until student athletes commit to a university. However, a new study shares how social media can provide universities with valuable insight into the decision-making process of their recruits.
Posted: December 13, 2017, 5:11 am
Researchers distil twenty years of lessons from clean energy funding into six 'guiding principles'. They argue that governments must eschew constant reinventions and grant scientists greater influence before our 'window of opportunity' to avert climate change closes.
Posted: December 6, 2017, 11:52 pm
Researchers have shown how human operators can maintain control over a system comprising several agents that are guided by artificial intelligence.
Posted: December 4, 2017, 8:19 pm
The inability to understand and effectively use health information is linked to higher rates of hospitalization, reduced preventive care and increased health costs. A new report highlights the benefits of health literacy for both patients and providers.
Posted: November 29, 2017, 12:27 am
In three separate studies with over 350 five- to 12-year-old white children, researchers found that children show an implicit pro-white bias when exposed to images of both white and black children. But the type of bias depended on what children were asked to do. The goal of the research was to gain a better understanding of children's automatic racial attitudes.
Posted: November 28, 2017, 1:51 am
The UN's 17 Sustainable Development Goals are aimed at achieving equality, securing global peace and ending extreme poverty -- an ambitious agenda that will require a wide-range of conditions to be met. But one requirement lies at the center of most of the SDGs: that people have access to clean, affordable energy, says a new study.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 7:29 pm
The linguistic complexity of textbooks is frequently not adequate for students’ level of development, resulting in mental overload or, sometimes, underload. That is the result of a study that analyzed roughly 3,000 texts from geography books by four different publishers for grade levels 5 to 10 at German lower and upper secondary schools.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 7:27 pm
Grade inflation at English primary schools can increase the price of surrounding houses by up to £7,000, according to early research from economists.
Posted: November 17, 2017, 7:28 pm
The extent to which youths feel typical of their gender and the pressure they feel to conform to traditional gender roles are related to adolescents' well-being. Because many gender-related expectations are culturally based, a new longitudinal study examined how French middle school adolescents' feelings about the development of gender identity differed across groups of teens from different ethnicities, cultures, and genders.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 9:12 pm
Increasing the tax on high fat and high sugar foods will help improve children’s diets. This is one of the recommendations from a new report that includes recommendations that are aimed at tackling the causes of poor diets in children.
Posted: November 13, 2017, 9:15 pm
Successful implementation of preschool to third grade programs yields benefits in increasing school readiness, improving attendance, and strengthening parental involvement in school education -- strategies that can close the achievement gap for children at risk, according to a new study.
Posted: November 9, 2017, 11:41 pm
Not all dual-language learners are at risk academically, but as a group, these students are often labeled as such, despite differences in their English skills. A new study found as dual-language learners gained English proficiency, they had significant growth in cognitive and academic development, eventually outperforming students who only spoke English.
Posted: November 8, 2017, 11:11 pm
A kinesiology and community health professor's analysis suggests that nationwide expansion of a program in New York City schools that encouraged children to consume water with their lunches could reduce child and adult obesity rates in the US significantly, saving billions in medical costs and other expenses over children's lifetimes.
Posted: November 7, 2017, 9:54 pm
Afterschool programs with positive, responsive, and organized environments can have academic benefits for students, finds a new American study.
Posted: November 6, 2017, 9:52 pm
A study of one Texas school district reveals one of the best evidence-based ways ever found to close the educational achievement gap between black and white students. The research found that teachers' sense of collective efficacy in any one school -- the belief that they had the capability and support necessary to educate their students -- was closely connected to the achievement gap.
Posted: November 2, 2017, 12:40 am
Universities should take action to support the sharing of educational resources, argues author Erin McKiernan. Open scholarship not only benefits society at large, but also fulfills universities' core missions of knowledge dissemination, community engagement, and public good. It may also increase institutions' visibility, funding, and recruitment power, and lead to better learning outcomes.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 11:47 pm
Teenagers who do not access healthcare when needed are at greater risk of dropping out of high school. Dropouts are more likely to have combinations of the following traits: low conscientiousness, neuroticism and introversion. The study examined data from the US National Longitudinal Study of Adolescents to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample of 90,000 students in grades 7 to 12 at 132 schools.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 8:27 pm
Few scientists regard the 1997 movie Volcano, in which flaming magma suddenly spews from the La Brea tar pits and incinerates much of Los Angeles, as a means to foster scientific literacy. After all, Southern California has no magma to spew. But one geophysicist sees it differently.
Posted: October 23, 2017, 7:16 pm
A recent study from the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital done in conjunction with researchers from Colorado School of Public Health at the University at Colorado and Temple University used data from a large, national sports injury surveillance system to determine the effect of state-level TBI laws on trends of new and recurrent concussions among US high school athletes.
Posted: October 20, 2017, 2:12 am
According to a recent study, parental support for the autonomy of young people promotes the well-being of the latter in all major educational transitions: from primary to lower secondary school, from basic education to upper secondary school, and from upper secondary school to university.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 7:39 pm
Daily, people spend over three hours on their phones. While ever-smarter digital devices have made many aspects of our lives more efficient, a growing body of evidence suggests that, by continuously distracting us, they are harming our ability to concentrate. Studies across the world show that students constantly use their phones when they are in class. A strong body of evidence suggests that media use during lectures is associated with lower academic performance.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 7:38 pm
Boys involved in school shootings often struggle to live up to what they perceive as their school's ideals surrounding masculinity. When socially shunned at school, they develop deep-set grudges against their classmates and teachers. The shooters become increasingly angry, depressed, and more violent in their gendered practice. A shooting rampage is their ultimate performance, according to experts.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 7:37 pm
Students who attend a middle school compared to a K-8 school are likely to have a lower perception of their reading skills, finds a new study.
Posted: October 17, 2017, 4:35 am
Exposure to high rates of conflicting information during an emergency is linked to increased levels of stress, and those who rely on text messages or social media reports from unofficial sources are more frequently exposed to rumors and experience greater distress, according to research.
Posted: October 17, 2017, 4:35 am
With the U.S. economy less reliant on manufacturing, creativity and innovation are of increasing value. Arts graduates, and others who have developed and honed their creative skills, can be critical assets.
Posted: October 11, 2017, 9:34 pm
Homicide is the largest contributor to potential years of life lost among black Americans, according to a new study published in PLOS ONE and conducted by researchers at the Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington.
Posted: October 11, 2017, 5:31 am
Only one state with expanded background check policies for all gun transfers is compliant, outlines a new report.
Posted: October 10, 2017, 11:44 pm
Quebec spends $200 more per person than the rest of Canada to provide prescription drug coverage to everyone in the province, finds new research that could inform plans for a nationwide universal drug plan.
Posted: October 10, 2017, 8:26 pm
When disadvantaged youth engage in social activism, they tend to have high-status occupations in adulthood, according to researchers. The findings also suggest there's a place for more discussion of social issues in our educational systems.
Posted: October 3, 2017, 8:41 pm
To give or not to give: sometimes the answer is in the question, researchers into human behavior and charitable giving have found. The study suggests that sometimes the 'ask' needs to suit the potential donors' sense of independence or interdependence.
Posted: September 28, 2017, 11:51 pm
Preschool instructors appear to lack the knowledge, skills and confidence to effectively teach their young students science -- a problem that is likely contributing to America's poor global performance in this crucially important subject.
Posted: September 26, 2017, 8:24 pm
A new study suggests that people are reluctant to use public-access defibrillators to treat cardiac arrests.
Posted: September 26, 2017, 6:29 pm
A researcher is fully aware of children's reaction to trauma. Her research focuses on the impact of disasters on youth since Hurricane Andrew in 1992. La Greca has been evaluating how best to define post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children. This line of research will help to quickly identify the children who need support services post-disaster and identify key aspects of the post-disaster environment that facilitate their recovery.
Posted: September 26, 2017, 2:02 am
Minority public managers place more emphasis on both traditional values, like efficiency and effectiveness, and social equity when compared with their white counterparts, according to a new study.
Posted: September 25, 2017, 8:27 pm
Stronger alcohol policies, including taxes and sales restrictions, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of alcohol involvement among homicide victims, according to a new study.
Posted: September 22, 2017, 1:42 am
Victims of gunshots and stabbings are significantly less likely to die if they're taken to the trauma center by a private vehicle than ground emergency medical services (EMS), according to results of a new analysis.
Posted: September 20, 2017, 10:46 pm
Researchers replicated a previous study to confirm that 4- to 6-year-old children can transfer learning of a puzzle from a touchscreen device to the physical version. This contradicts most previous research and suggests that different types of screen learning media could have different effects on whether children can transfer learned skills to the physical world.
Posted: September 20, 2017, 7:30 pm
A new longitudinal study looked at how youths' self-concepts are linked to their actual academic achievement in math and reading from middle childhood to adolescence. The study found that students' self-concepts of their abilities in these two academic domains play an important role in motivating their achievements over time and across levels of achievement.
Posted: September 19, 2017, 6:40 pm
Most parents are sure schools would be able to provide basic first aid but are less confident about a school's ability to respond to more complex health situations, such as an asthma attack or mental health problem.
Posted: September 18, 2017, 6:38 pm
A lack of sleep is associated with more absence and teens turn up jet lagged to school on Mondays, as shown in new research.
Posted: September 16, 2017, 2:18 am
The pending termination of DACA may reverse these mental health benefits for the 800,000 DACA beneficiaries, and trigger a public health crisis, according to a new essay.
Posted: September 15, 2017, 6:36 am
Federal and state government can alter or hinder state and local activity through a legal mechanism called preemption -- when a higher level of government blocks the action of a lower level of government. A new study evaluates whether it could it be used to block taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages.
Posted: August 30, 2017, 10:19 pm
RAND Corporation and RAND Europe have released the first-ever analysis of the economic implications of a shift in school start times in the US. The study shows that a nationwide move to 8.30 a.m. could lead to an economic gain of $83 billion to the US economy within a decade. The gains projected through the study's economic model would be realized through the higher academic and professional performance of students, and reduced car crash rates.
Posted: August 30, 2017, 8:06 pm
Excluding children from school may lead to long-term psychiatric problems and psychological distress, a study of thousands of children has shown.
Posted: August 29, 2017, 10:15 pm
American children, no matter where they live or what school they attend, deserve to be guaranteed a quality education, much as we guarantee a safety net for seniors, argues an American professor.
Posted: August 22, 2017, 8:18 pm
Schools are failing to offer sufficient opportunities for students from diverse backgrounds to engage in science-based learning outside of the classroom, and should be doing more to open up participation, according to new research.
Posted: August 22, 2017, 7:34 pm
A research team examined the US Department of Agriculture's Smart Snacks in School regulation. The federal mandate was intended to replace unhealthy school snacks and beverages with more wholesome options, including fruits, vegetables, and packaged treats low in fat, sugar, and sodium.
Posted: August 17, 2017, 10:41 pm
Raising the minimum wage by $1 per hour would result in a substantial decrease in the number of reported cases of child neglect, according to a new study.
Posted: August 16, 2017, 6:19 pm
Low- and middle-income countries such as Brazil face a lack of epidemiological data, and one of the key priorities for researchers is developing high-quality surveys. Investigators have now studied the difficulties in conducting a longitudinal epidemiological survey in a school-based sample in Brazil.
Posted: August 4, 2017, 10:10 pm
For the majority of college students, having enough food is not on the list of challenges they face in their education. However, a recent study shows that, for students in two-year colleges and vocational schools, hunger is definitely one of the problems they face and can impede their ability to succeed in college.
Posted: August 2, 2017, 8:35 pm
Researchers reported their latest brain research on ADHD in a scientific journal targeting -- and peer-reviewed by -- children.
Posted: July 26, 2017, 7:59 pm
Schools tend to offer parents opportunities to volunteer that not only reinforce the top-down power structure of schools, but also cater to mostly white, privileged families, maintaining the institutionalized racism that marginalizes low-income families and families of color. What schools and districts can do instead is partner with families in meaningful ways.
Posted: July 25, 2017, 1:51 am
A sociologist and former elementary school teacher recently identified a mechanism that may explain why kids whose parents have spent time behind bars have worse educational outcomes -- and strong, lasting, negative consequences that often span generations.
Posted: July 24, 2017, 11:01 pm