Read scientific research on educational policies and academic achievement.
Teenagers are more likely to plead guilty to crimes they did not commit because they are less able to make mature decisions, new research shows.
Posted: March 15, 2018, 3:06 pm
The indictment of 13 Russians in the operation of a "troll farm" that spread false information related to the 2016 U.S. presidential election has renewed the spotlight on the power of "fake news" to influence public opinion. Now, a professor who studies the spread of misinformation online is joining prominent legal scholars, social scientists and researchers in a global "call to action" in the fight against it.
Posted: March 8, 2018, 7:31 pm
Many of the current US Federal and State dyslexia laws should be scrapped as they ignore scientific evidence and privilege some poor readers at the expense of huge numbers of others, according to a leading expert in reading disability.
Posted: March 5, 2018, 2:30 pm
In a new study that capitalizes on data from the National Center for Educational Statistics and methods that address causality, sociologists looked at an earlier portion of the pipeline -- in high school, when students' commitment to STEM fields tends to solidify.
Posted: March 2, 2018, 5:48 pm
New research shows when it comes to successfully engaging and including minorities in the workforce and schools, organizations need to focus on inclusion.
Posted: March 1, 2018, 5:50 pm
States with robust tobacco control policies and regulations, such as smoke free air laws and taxes on cigarettes, not only have fewer cigarette users but also fewer e-cigarette users, according to research from NYU School of Medicine and the NYU College of Global Public Health.
Posted: February 27, 2018, 2:07 pm
Most election polls take the political pulse of a state or nation by reaching out to citizens about their voting plans. One researchers says pollsters might also ask: how do your friends plan to vote?
Posted: February 26, 2018, 5:26 pm
High-quality early care and education (ECE) is critical to positive child development and has the potential to generate economic returns, but the current financing structure of ECE leaves many children without access to high-quality services and does little to strengthen the ECE workforce, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
Posted: February 23, 2018, 9:40 pm
A new study explored the relationship between new drivers' skills and age, gender, organized sports and video gaming. The results suggest that mandatory training should be required for all novice drivers, not just teenagers.
Posted: February 22, 2018, 7:43 pm
People who were bullied by siblings during childhood are up to three times more likely to develop psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia in early adulthood, according to new research. The researchers found that the more frequently children are involved in sibling bullying -- either as bully, victim, or both -- the more likely they are to develop a psychotic disorder.
Posted: February 12, 2018, 1:54 pm
A new study finds that two-thirds of neurosurgeons experience burnout during training, and stressors at work are partly to blame.
Posted: February 9, 2018, 3:06 pm
A recent nationally-representative US Department of Education study found that 28 percent of fall 2009 ninth-graders had not yet enrolled in a trade school or college by February 2016 -- roughly six-and-a-half years later.
Posted: February 1, 2018, 10:32 pm
A comprehensive analysis of policies related to sexual assaults -- known as mandatory reporting or compelled disclosure -- at 150 universities has raised questions about their effectiveness and their impacts on victims.
Posted: January 31, 2018, 6:34 pm
Researchers explored the cost-effectiveness of placing a deck park on top of the Cross-Bronx Expressway, finding the plan would save money and lives.
Posted: January 31, 2018, 1:58 pm
Participating in an intensive early childhood education program from preschool to third grade is linked to higher educational attainment in mid-life, according to a new study.
Posted: January 30, 2018, 5:37 pm
When equity analysts are more involved in a firm's initial public offering, investors who purchase stock based on these analysts' reports lose more than 3 percent of their investment, according to a new study.
Posted: January 25, 2018, 7:09 pm
January is a popular month for people trying to reduce their alcohol intake but how successful are they in doing so? A new study that assessed data on the drinking patterns of nearly 3,000 drinkers who reported that they were planning to reduce their alcohol consumption found that very few managed it when followed up six months later.
Posted: January 25, 2018, 1:51 pm
College-bound women are not less likely to enter specific fields because more math or science is required, but rather because of the gender discrimination they are likely to encounter in those fields, finds a new nationally representative longitudinal study.
Posted: January 23, 2018, 3:20 pm
Smoking is an issue that has been at the heart of public health concerns for decades, with many efforts to restrict tobacco sales, tax cigarettes and sometimes hard-hitting campaigns to get people to quit smoking. But if the tobacco control community has long agreed on the harms of smoking, the place of reducing, rather than eliminating, harm has been hotly contested.
Posted: January 22, 2018, 10:13 pm
Despite increasing numbers of underrepresented minority (URM) trainees in the biomedical sciences, there is a persistent shortage of URM faculty who are involved in basic biomedical research at medical schools. Investigators examined the entire training pathway of potential faculty candidates to identify points of greatest loss of URM trainees. Two key points of loss: during undergraduate education and in transition from postdoctoral fellowship to tenure-track faculty.
Posted: January 17, 2018, 4:49 pm
In a new study, race, sex, perceived peer inclusion, and teacher discrimination were predictors of students’ delinquent behaviors.
Posted: January 15, 2018, 2:53 pm
Efforts to reverse the nation's opioid epidemic remain beset by the stigma associated with drug use, a group of researchers write in a year-end review. The researchers emphasize the need for the American health care system to embrace medications such as methadone to treat opioid use disorder, provide addiction treatment in primary care clinics and develop non-addictive alternatives for chronic pain.
Posted: January 10, 2018, 5:02 pm
Recent results indicate that the effects of recreational marijuana legalization on Oregon teens' use depends on whether the teens were already using marijuana when legal sales began.
Posted: January 8, 2018, 9:12 pm
With the new emphasis on hands-on, active learning throughout higher education, lab courses would seem to have an advantage -- what could be more active than doing experiments? But surprising new research reveals traditional labs fall far short of their pedagogical goals.
Posted: January 3, 2018, 3:11 pm
Male students tend to do better on high-stakes tests in biology courses, but it's not because they are better students. Gaps in performance change based on the stakes of the test. A new study confirms this, finding that performance gaps between male and female students increased or decreased based on whether instructors emphasized or de-emphasized the value of exams.
Posted: December 28, 2017, 10:06 pm
Nearly one in three 12th-graders report past year use of some kind of vaping device, raising concerns about the impact on their health. What they say is in the device, however, ranges from nicotine, to marijuana, to 'just flavoring.' The survey also suggests that use of hookahs and regular cigarettes is declining. These findings come from the 2017 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey of eighth, 10th and 12th graders in schools nationwide in the United States.
Posted: December 14, 2017, 2:22 pm
With revenue from college football at an unprecedented $3.4 billion annually, universities across the country invest millions each year in recruitment efforts for high school football players. But with talented players typically receiving multiple scholarship offers, team rosters are in limbo until student athletes commit to a university. However, a new study shares how social media can provide universities with valuable insight into the decision-making process of their recruits.
Posted: December 12, 2017, 11:41 pm
Researchers distil twenty years of lessons from clean energy funding into six 'guiding principles'. They argue that governments must eschew constant reinventions and grant scientists greater influence before our 'window of opportunity' to avert climate change closes.
Posted: December 6, 2017, 6:22 pm
Researchers have shown how human operators can maintain control over a system comprising several agents that are guided by artificial intelligence.
Posted: December 4, 2017, 2:49 pm
The inability to understand and effectively use health information is linked to higher rates of hospitalization, reduced preventive care and increased health costs. A new report highlights the benefits of health literacy for both patients and providers.
Posted: November 28, 2017, 6:57 pm
In three separate studies with over 350 five- to 12-year-old white children, researchers found that children show an implicit pro-white bias when exposed to images of both white and black children. But the type of bias depended on what children were asked to do. The goal of the research was to gain a better understanding of children's automatic racial attitudes.
Posted: November 27, 2017, 8:21 pm
The UN's 17 Sustainable Development Goals are aimed at achieving equality, securing global peace and ending extreme poverty -- an ambitious agenda that will require a wide-range of conditions to be met. But one requirement lies at the center of most of the SDGs: that people have access to clean, affordable energy, says a new study.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 1:59 pm
The linguistic complexity of textbooks is frequently not adequate for students’ level of development, resulting in mental overload or, sometimes, underload. That is the result of a study that analyzed roughly 3,000 texts from geography books by four different publishers for grade levels 5 to 10 at German lower and upper secondary schools.
Posted: November 20, 2017, 1:57 pm
Grade inflation at English primary schools can increase the price of surrounding houses by up to £7,000, according to early research from economists.
Posted: November 17, 2017, 1:58 pm
The extent to which youths feel typical of their gender and the pressure they feel to conform to traditional gender roles are related to adolescents' well-being. Because many gender-related expectations are culturally based, a new longitudinal study examined how French middle school adolescents' feelings about the development of gender identity differed across groups of teens from different ethnicities, cultures, and genders.
Posted: November 14, 2017, 3:42 pm
Increasing the tax on high fat and high sugar foods will help improve children’s diets. This is one of the recommendations from a new report that includes recommendations that are aimed at tackling the causes of poor diets in children.
Posted: November 13, 2017, 3:45 pm
Successful implementation of preschool to third grade programs yields benefits in increasing school readiness, improving attendance, and strengthening parental involvement in school education -- strategies that can close the achievement gap for children at risk, according to a new study.
Posted: November 9, 2017, 6:11 pm
Not all dual-language learners are at risk academically, but as a group, these students are often labeled as such, despite differences in their English skills. A new study found as dual-language learners gained English proficiency, they had significant growth in cognitive and academic development, eventually outperforming students who only spoke English.
Posted: November 8, 2017, 5:41 pm
A kinesiology and community health professor's analysis suggests that nationwide expansion of a program in New York City schools that encouraged children to consume water with their lunches could reduce child and adult obesity rates in the US significantly, saving billions in medical costs and other expenses over children's lifetimes.
Posted: November 7, 2017, 4:24 pm
Afterschool programs with positive, responsive, and organized environments can have academic benefits for students, finds a new American study.
Posted: November 6, 2017, 4:22 pm
A study of one Texas school district reveals one of the best evidence-based ways ever found to close the educational achievement gap between black and white students. The research found that teachers' sense of collective efficacy in any one school -- the belief that they had the capability and support necessary to educate their students -- was closely connected to the achievement gap.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 7:10 pm
Universities should take action to support the sharing of educational resources, argues author Erin McKiernan. Open scholarship not only benefits society at large, but also fulfills universities' core missions of knowledge dissemination, community engagement, and public good. It may also increase institutions' visibility, funding, and recruitment power, and lead to better learning outcomes.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 6:17 pm
Teenagers who do not access healthcare when needed are at greater risk of dropping out of high school. Dropouts are more likely to have combinations of the following traits: low conscientiousness, neuroticism and introversion. The study examined data from the US National Longitudinal Study of Adolescents to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample of 90,000 students in grades 7 to 12 at 132 schools.
Posted: October 24, 2017, 2:57 pm
Few scientists regard the 1997 movie Volcano, in which flaming magma suddenly spews from the La Brea tar pits and incinerates much of Los Angeles, as a means to foster scientific literacy. After all, Southern California has no magma to spew. But one geophysicist sees it differently.
Posted: October 23, 2017, 1:46 pm
A recent study from the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital done in conjunction with researchers from Colorado School of Public Health at the University at Colorado and Temple University used data from a large, national sports injury surveillance system to determine the effect of state-level TBI laws on trends of new and recurrent concussions among US high school athletes.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 8:42 pm
According to a recent study, parental support for the autonomy of young people promotes the well-being of the latter in all major educational transitions: from primary to lower secondary school, from basic education to upper secondary school, and from upper secondary school to university.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 2:09 pm
Daily, people spend over three hours on their phones. While ever-smarter digital devices have made many aspects of our lives more efficient, a growing body of evidence suggests that, by continuously distracting us, they are harming our ability to concentrate. Studies across the world show that students constantly use their phones when they are in class. A strong body of evidence suggests that media use during lectures is associated with lower academic performance.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 2:08 pm
Boys involved in school shootings often struggle to live up to what they perceive as their school's ideals surrounding masculinity. When socially shunned at school, they develop deep-set grudges against their classmates and teachers. The shooters become increasingly angry, depressed, and more violent in their gendered practice. A shooting rampage is their ultimate performance, according to experts.
Posted: October 19, 2017, 2:07 pm
Students who attend a middle school compared to a K-8 school are likely to have a lower perception of their reading skills, finds a new study.
Posted: October 16, 2017, 11:05 pm
Exposure to high rates of conflicting information during an emergency is linked to increased levels of stress, and those who rely on text messages or social media reports from unofficial sources are more frequently exposed to rumors and experience greater distress, according to research.
Posted: October 16, 2017, 11:05 pm
With the U.S. economy less reliant on manufacturing, creativity and innovation are of increasing value. Arts graduates, and others who have developed and honed their creative skills, can be critical assets.
Posted: October 11, 2017, 4:04 pm
Homicide is the largest contributor to potential years of life lost among black Americans, according to a new study published in PLOS ONE and conducted by researchers at the Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington.
Posted: October 11, 2017, 12:01 am
Only one state with expanded background check policies for all gun transfers is compliant, outlines a new report.
Posted: October 10, 2017, 6:14 pm
Quebec spends $200 more per person than the rest of Canada to provide prescription drug coverage to everyone in the province, finds new research that could inform plans for a nationwide universal drug plan.
Posted: October 10, 2017, 2:56 pm
When disadvantaged youth engage in social activism, they tend to have high-status occupations in adulthood, according to researchers. The findings also suggest there's a place for more discussion of social issues in our educational systems.
Posted: October 3, 2017, 3:11 pm
To give or not to give: sometimes the answer is in the question, researchers into human behavior and charitable giving have found. The study suggests that sometimes the 'ask' needs to suit the potential donors' sense of independence or interdependence.
Posted: September 28, 2017, 6:21 pm
Preschool instructors appear to lack the knowledge, skills and confidence to effectively teach their young students science -- a problem that is likely contributing to America's poor global performance in this crucially important subject.
Posted: September 26, 2017, 2:54 pm
A new study suggests that people are reluctant to use public-access defibrillators to treat cardiac arrests.
Posted: September 26, 2017, 12:59 pm
A researcher is fully aware of children's reaction to trauma. Her research focuses on the impact of disasters on youth since Hurricane Andrew in 1992. La Greca has been evaluating how best to define post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children. This line of research will help to quickly identify the children who need support services post-disaster and identify key aspects of the post-disaster environment that facilitate their recovery.
Posted: September 25, 2017, 8:32 pm
Minority public managers place more emphasis on both traditional values, like efficiency and effectiveness, and social equity when compared with their white counterparts, according to a new study.
Posted: September 25, 2017, 2:57 pm