Read scientific research on educational policies and academic achievement.
Despite efforts from No Child Left Behind to promote 'highly qualified' teaching, recent research shows that just 36 percent of new secondary science teachers are teaching only in their trained subject.
Posted: July 19, 2017, 7:35 pm
Fear of being arrested still undercuts an Indiana law that shields anyone who administers naloxone from criminal charges, according to a survey. Naloxone is a lifesaving emergency antidote for opioid overdose.
Posted: July 19, 2017, 12:55 am
A review of the literature shows that the effects of heavy drinking among young people on the brain are serious -- binge drinking among young people is associated with a thinning or reduction of areas of the brain that play a key role in memory, attention, language, awareness and consciousness, which include cortical and subcortical structures.
Posted: July 18, 2017, 8:05 pm
More children are living in high-poverty neighborhoods following the Great Recession -- a troubling shift because children in these neighborhoods are a year behind academically.
Posted: July 18, 2017, 12:38 am
The number of Southern natives and the average education level in a county are the most influential factors on the odds of a US public school using corporal punishment, according to new research.
Posted: July 13, 2017, 12:26 am
The effects of neonicotinoid insecticides on bees has been widely covered in the news recently, with laboratory-based studies suggesting that the chemicals are harmful, and field studies which are much less clear cut. Adding to current knowledge on the topic, new research further explores the effects that these chemicals may have on social behavior and learning in honey bees.
Posted: July 12, 2017, 7:30 am
High school and college students from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds are much less motivated to overcome academic hardships when they have doubts about the likelihood of people from their backgrounds achieving upward mobility, suggests a new report.
Posted: July 11, 2017, 10:26 pm
Economic issues play a significant role in determining whether first-time students enrolling in a four-year college will complete their degree and graduate within six years.
Posted: July 11, 2017, 9:44 pm
Media outlets continue to differentiate between British East Asian students and East Asian students in the UK education system, portraying the former in a negative, undesirable light, a new study reveals.
Posted: July 11, 2017, 6:56 pm
When children avoid school to avoid bullying, many states can lose tens of millions of dollars in lost funding, and California alone loses an estimated $276 million each year because children feel unsafe. New research highlights the hidden cost to communities in states that use daily attendance numbers to calculate public school funding.
Posted: June 29, 2017, 7:47 pm
Improving school leadership by better selecting, training and evaluating principals can be an affordable option for school districts that aim to reduce turnover and improve schools, according to a new report. The first-of-its kind study examined how six large urban school districts are investing in their leaders. Researchers found that improving school leadership has been affordable for the six districts, which spent 0.4 percent of their annual budgets to better the quality of school leaders.
Posted: June 20, 2017, 9:12 pm
More than half of school-age youth in the United States are members of ethnic minority groups, yet the nation's public schools are becoming less ethnically diverse. Recognizing these conflicting trends and the lack of research on the effects of ethnic diversity, a new study sought to determine how the diversity of middle school students and classrooms shapes students' self-reported well-being and their views on race.
Posted: June 20, 2017, 7:02 pm
Diabetes is a serious health condition that affects millions of people in the United States and has more than doubled in prevalence over the past 20 years. Diabetes brings a wide array of complications that can harm the cardiovascular system and other organs, and it has been found to affect some groups, such as racial and ethnic minorities and people with low incomes, at a disproportionate rate.
Posted: June 20, 2017, 2:24 am
When states suffer widespread job loss, the damage extends to the next generation, where college attendance drops among poor students, says new research. States marked by shuttered factories and dormant mines thus show a widening gap in college attendance between rich and poor. Yet poor students in hard-hit states don't avoid college simply because they can't afford it. Instead, job losses trigger adolescent emotional problems and poor academic performance -- which put college out of reach.
Posted: June 15, 2017, 11:58 pm
New research looked at diverging trajectories of cannabis and tobacco policies in the US and attempts to explain some of the reasoning behind the different paths, while discussing possible implications.
Posted: June 8, 2017, 10:05 pm
Mny secondary school science teachers possess climate change misconceptions similar to average Americans, new research confirms.
Posted: June 7, 2017, 10:08 pm
Many eligible children do not enroll in services to improve cognitive, behavioral and physical skills under the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act and the rates of enrollment vary in part by which agency at the state level is serving as the lead administrator.
Posted: June 7, 2017, 12:30 am
The populist radical right is a threat to core values of medicine and public health, even within a functioning democratic system, according to an expert commentary.
Posted: June 2, 2017, 7:02 am
Using Reddit posts as an indicator, researchers found that students at higher-ranked schools have better mental health than those at lower-ranked colleges. The well-being index is also better at universities with higher tuition. It's lower at large public schools with a majority of female students.
Posted: June 1, 2017, 10:11 pm
Children who participated in the PROSPER (PROmoting School-community-university Partnerships to Enhance Resilience) program over seven years ago showed lower rates of substance abuse after high school graduation, according to a new study.
Posted: June 1, 2017, 1:59 am
Many Americans don't know how clean water gets to their homes and especially what happens after wastewater is flushed away, knowledge that is vital in confronting challenges including droughts and failing infrastructure that can lead to contamination.
Posted: May 31, 2017, 11:02 pm
Analyzing millions of internet searches tied to major societal events offers a new way to understand public reaction to those events, according to new research.
Posted: May 31, 2017, 8:37 pm
Despite decades of educational reform and legal efforts, many U.S. schools are experiencing increasing segregation, with 16 percent of public schools serving both minority and high poverty students.
Posted: May 23, 2017, 10:11 pm
Mothers are viewed negatively if their child hasn't been vaccinated, no matter the reason. But mothers who outright refuse to vaccinate their children are viewed in a harsher light compared to those who delay vaccines because of safety concerns or who aren't up to date due to time constraints.
Posted: May 23, 2017, 5:55 pm
A new study describes a standardized assessment that ensures that students who graduate from UK medical schools have achieved a minimum standard of knowledge and skill related to prescribing medications.
Posted: May 22, 2017, 5:38 pm
One in three high school students reports riding with a driver who has been drinking, while nearly one in five was in a car where the driver had consumed marijuana, according to a new study.
Posted: May 17, 2017, 7:41 pm
When African Americans moved to less segregated neighborhoods, their systolic blood pressure readings dropped between one to five points, reports a new national study. This is the first study to look at the longitudinal effects of living in less segregated areas on blood pressure and to compare the effect within the same individuals. The drop in blood pressure, likely related to less violence and stress, means fewer heart attacks and strokes.
Posted: May 15, 2017, 8:46 pm
New research approaches the subject of rejection in a different way. It asked the children doing the rejecting, the 'rejecters,' for the reasons they disliked certain children. The study revealed the act of rejection is complex -- the behavior of the rejected child is only partly, or not at all, to blame.
Posted: May 12, 2017, 7:34 pm
New research has found that IQ, along with an early interest in the arts and sciences, predicts who is likely to fall victim to automation in the workplace.
Posted: May 9, 2017, 9:50 pm
A new study found that kids who are bullied in fifth grade are more likely to suffer from depression in seventh grade; and have a greater likelihood of using alcohol, marijuana or tobacco in tenth grade.
Posted: May 9, 2017, 12:16 am
New research found adolescents who reported greatest access to guns -- either in their own home or a friend's - also were among those with higher risk for violent behavior. Researchers discovered additional factors linked with increased firearms access that included past suicide attempts and self-reported mental health disorder diagnoses.
Posted: May 4, 2017, 6:01 pm
Girls start believing they aren't good at math, science and even computers at a young age -- but providing fun STEM activities at school and home may spark interest and inspire confidence, suggests a new study.
Posted: April 27, 2017, 10:37 pm
Working with oral histories in schools has become very popular in Germany, the United States and many other countries. Eyewitnesses of the past are able to deliver authentic accounts of events in their lives which affect students more deeply than written texts. Furthermore, teachers hope that working with eyewitnesses encourages students to work like historians and, for example, to critically question their sources. But there is also criticism of this method. On the one hand, memory is a reconstructive process which can be influenced by many factors. On the other hand, the aura and authenticity of the eyewitnesses can result in an uncritical acceptance of their accounts.
Posted: April 21, 2017, 8:08 pm
Children from poor neighborhoods are less likely to have complex language building opportunities both in home and at school, putting them at a disadvantage in their kindergarten year, finds a new study.
Posted: April 14, 2017, 8:28 pm
Will a robot take away my job? Many people ask that question, yet policymakers don't have the kind of information they need to answer it intelligently, say the authors of a new study.
Posted: April 13, 2017, 10:36 pm
The threshold for transitioning students from English learners to fluent English proficient status -- a process termed reclassification -- varies widely across and within states, finds a new study.
Posted: April 12, 2017, 8:28 pm
Boys and girls perform differently at school, but researchers are uncertain whether this has to do with how they mature.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 6:32 pm
Obesity raises the prevalence of high blood pressure among adolescents but the increase is particularly pronounced among Hispanics compared to white, African-American or Asian ethnic groups, according to a study by researchers.
Posted: April 11, 2017, 6:28 pm
As teacher resignation letters increasingly go public - and viral - new research indicates teachers are not leaving solely due to low pay and retirement, but also because of what they see as a broken education system.
Posted: April 6, 2017, 7:55 pm
Most factors that help make schools successful cost lots of money -- think teachers, technology and textbooks. But a new study suggests one factor that doesn't need any cash to implement can play an important role in helping students succeed at even the most disadvantaged schools. That factor is what scientists call social capital.
Posted: April 3, 2017, 10:03 pm
Heroin use and heroin use disorder have increased significantly among American adults since 2001, according to new research. The portion of Americans using heroin has climbed five-fold in the last decade, and clinically defined heroin dependence has more than tripled. Increases were greatest among males, whites, those with low income and little education, and for heroin use disorder, in younger individuals.
Posted: March 31, 2017, 12:36 am
Research grants issued by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) contribute to a significant number of private-sector patents in biomedicine, according to a new study. The study examines 27 years of data and finds that 31 percent of NIH grants, which are publicly funded, produce articles that are later cited by patents in the biomedical sector.
Posted: March 30, 2017, 11:53 pm
Educational policies and practices should explicitly ensure the well-being and healthy development of all students by supporting the right of students to use a bathroom in an institutional context that affirms their gender identity and expression. There are many ways that this can occur including providing gender-neutral restrooms in schools.
Posted: March 30, 2017, 6:57 pm
Diversity in schools is important for students' experiences and outcomes in schools and beyond, reducing prejudices and ensuring the likelihood of living and working in integrated environments as adults. Now researchers are exploring how school choice is affecting racial composition and segregation in Pennsylvania schools.
Posted: March 28, 2017, 9:10 pm
A new study finds that a well-known hospital grading system may put too much weight on the wrong things. The grades are based in part on hospitals' self-reported use of safety-related protocols. But the study show this had little in common with how a hospital did on independent measurements of hospital-acquired infections -- or with whether the government had penalized it for high infection or readmission rates.
Posted: March 28, 2017, 8:29 pm
What is known as "curriculum intensification" is often used around the world to attract more university entrants -- and particularly more women -- to STEM subjects; that is to say, students have on average more mandatory math courses at a higher level. Scientists have now investigated the gender effects of one school reform.
Posted: March 28, 2017, 6:02 pm
An artificial intelligence course has been launched that includes two projects focused on using AI to detect and combat fake news articles.
Posted: March 28, 2017, 12:06 am
After decades of declining US smoking rates overall, most remaining smokers have low income, no college education, no health insurance or a disability. About 15 percent of US adults -- more than 36 million -- continue to smoke cigarettes. Half to three-fourths of them have one or more low-socioeconomic disadvantages, and the lowest socioeconomic categories have the highest smoking rates. The study concludes that continuing tobacco use is now concentrated among the least advantaged portion of society.
Posted: March 24, 2017, 8:19 pm
Future occupations of US immigrant children are influenced by how similar their native language is to English, according to a new study.
Posted: March 23, 2017, 8:28 pm
Racial segregation is declining, but it remains higher for families with children than those without, a new study shows. Race appears to be a 'proxy' for school quality for many white families with children as they decide where and in which school districts they want to live, suggests a new report.
Posted: March 23, 2017, 8:28 pm
States with weaker non-medical exemption policies for vaccinations can reduce the likelihood of a measles outbreak 140 to 190 percent by strengthening them, a new study shows.
Posted: March 21, 2017, 9:55 pm
'Why do I have to learn this?' It's a common question among youth, but new research suggests students perform much better academically when the answer is provided by their peers rather than their teachers.
Posted: March 21, 2017, 8:33 pm
In the United States, estimates show that a substantial number of children under age 5 live in households that are food insecure. That means that they do not have food, or they lack sufficient quantity or quality of food to fuel a healthy and active lifestyle. A new study has found that children who experience food insecurity in early childhood are more likely to start kindergarten less ready to learn than their peers from homes that are food secure.
Posted: March 21, 2017, 6:57 pm
A research team investigating the mental health burden and treatment-seeking behaviors of student veterans attending rural community colleges in the southern United States has found that this population has difficulty integrating into the campus community and needs support to help it succeed.
Posted: March 16, 2017, 11:41 pm
Involvement in cyberbullying among girls triggers negative perceptions of the importance of school and the value of learning, a new study suggests. Psychologists found that 11-15 year-old girls who were most involved in cyberbullying -- as perpetrator, victim, or both -- felt the least accepted by their peers. This then had a knock-on effect of spilling over into how important they felt school and learning were, the researchers found.
Posted: March 15, 2017, 7:14 pm
Thanks to a national initiative, salad bars are showing up in public schools across the country. Now a researcher is trying to nail down how to get kids to eat from them.
Posted: March 13, 2017, 11:19 pm
A new tool that uses classroom sounds may solve the biggest outstanding question in undergraduate science education, namely, what teaching methods are actually being used in college classrooms, and how can they be monitored?
Posted: March 7, 2017, 2:12 am
Incoming college students who already feel a connection to their institution are more likely to fit in and want to remain at the school, especially if they are ethnic minorities, indicates a new study.
Posted: March 3, 2017, 8:34 pm
Race and sex still matter when public school teachers seek to become principals, a new study has found.
Posted: March 1, 2017, 5:23 am
Despite their potential, many English learners (ELs) -- who account for more than 9 percent of K-12 enrollment in the US -- lag behind their English-speaking monolingual peers in educational achievement, in part because schools do not provide adequate instruction and social-emotional support to acquire English proficiency or access to academic subjects at the appropriate grade level, says a new report.
Posted: February 28, 2017, 11:41 pm