Read the latest research on education and employment, including summaries of studies on the job market and employment.
The number of reported cases of child neglect in the United States of America increased as a result of the spike in unemployment following the financial crisis of 2007-08, according to new research. The first study of its kind, suggests that unemployment can cause an increase in child neglect because parents have more limited access to the resources required to provide for a child's basic needs, such as clothing, food and medical care.
Posted: November 3, 2017, 6:23 pm
Researchers trace the history and effects of New Careers, a 1960s federal anti-poverty program. While it helped expand the nonprofit sector, it also perpetuated inequality in urban areas.
Posted: November 1, 2017, 7:57 pm
Employers will face tough competition for talent in the 2017-18 job market, thanks to a seven-year growth streak in the college labor market.
Posted: October 23, 2017, 9:59 pm
With the U.S. economy less reliant on manufacturing, creativity and innovation are of increasing value. Arts graduates, and others who have developed and honed their creative skills, can be critical assets.
Posted: October 11, 2017, 9:34 pm
As the number of highly educated women has increased in recent decades, the chances of 'marrying up' have increased significantly for men and decreased for women, according to a new study.
Posted: August 28, 2017, 8:24 pm
Relatively little is know about how Americans view their workplace, despite its major role in their lives. One of the most in-depth surveys ever done on the topic finds that the American workplace is physically and emotionally taxing, with workers frequently facing unstable work schedules, unpleasant and potentially hazardous working conditions, and an often hostile social environment.
Posted: August 14, 2017, 6:58 pm
Economic issues play a significant role in determining whether first-time students enrolling in a four-year college will complete their degree and graduate within six years.
Posted: July 11, 2017, 9:44 pm
Employers are reluctant to hire long-term unemployed, research shows: the longer the job candidates’ unemployment spell, the lower is their chance of a positive reaction.
Posted: July 10, 2017, 6:50 pm
When states suffer widespread job loss, the damage extends to the next generation, where college attendance drops among poor students, says new research. States marked by shuttered factories and dormant mines thus show a widening gap in college attendance between rich and poor. Yet poor students in hard-hit states don't avoid college simply because they can't afford it. Instead, job losses trigger adolescent emotional problems and poor academic performance -- which put college out of reach.
Posted: June 15, 2017, 11:58 pm
New research has found that IQ, along with an early interest in the arts and sciences, predicts who is likely to fall victim to automation in the workplace.
Posted: May 9, 2017, 9:50 pm
Caring for a husband or wife with cancer significantly diminishes family income, according to researchers who tracked changes in employment and income among working-age couples in Canada.
Posted: April 24, 2017, 8:37 pm
Women faculty members are doing more service work--primarily internal service--than their male colleagues, which may hinder their overall success in academia. Internal service work, while vital for the day-to-day operations of a campus, typically counts less in promotions and salary increases than research, teaching, or external service activities.
Posted: April 13, 2017, 12:18 am
As teacher resignation letters increasingly go public - and viral - new research indicates teachers are not leaving solely due to low pay and retirement, but also because of what they see as a broken education system.
Posted: April 6, 2017, 7:55 pm
What is known as "curriculum intensification" is often used around the world to attract more university entrants -- and particularly more women -- to STEM subjects; that is to say, students have on average more mandatory math courses at a higher level. Scientists have now investigated the gender effects of one school reform.
Posted: March 28, 2017, 6:02 pm
Can humour on social media help managers find the most appropriate candidates for the job vacancies they hope to fill? Researchers suggest that humorous recruitment campaigns can increase exposure for a given job ad but conversely the approach might lead to flippant applications at which point it might be difficult to separate the serious candidate from an inappropriate one. The team also suggests that choosing a particular social media channel over another may skew the type of applicants they receive for a given job, for better or worse.
Posted: March 21, 2017, 10:06 pm
'Why do I have to learn this?' It's a common question among youth, but new research suggests students perform much better academically when the answer is provided by their peers rather than their teachers.
Posted: March 21, 2017, 8:33 pm
Race and sex still matter when public school teachers seek to become principals, a new study has found.
Posted: March 1, 2017, 5:23 am
The classroom can reflect its students' learning preferences, and a study demonstrates evidence of this in medical education.
Posted: February 2, 2017, 12:49 am
The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) today announced the release of the 2017 Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering (WMPD) report, the federal government's most comprehensive look at the participation of these three demographic groups in science and engineering education and employment.
Posted: February 1, 2017, 12:07 am
Postdoc jobs don't yield a positive return in the labor market, research has concluded. Additionally, the investigators found that these positions likely cost graduates roughly three years' worth of salary in their first 15 years of their careers.
Posted: January 11, 2017, 1:44 am
After decades of progress, the earnings gap between black and white men is back at 1950 levels, say authors of a new report. The earnings gap between black and white men narrowed during the civil rights era. Then, starting around 1970, the gap between black and white men's wages started widening once again, they say.
Posted: November 22, 2016, 11:11 pm
Even when women were more like men 20 to 40 years ago, it didn’t help them get a job in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields, says one expert.
Posted: November 2, 2016, 11:15 pm
One of the biggest surprises about rising income inequality in the United States may be that economic factors aren't the biggest cause, a new study suggests.
Posted: October 27, 2016, 12:39 am
The hiring of college graduates at all degree levels should be very strong in 2016-17, according to the largest annual survey of employers in the nation.
Posted: October 5, 2016, 6:13 pm
Young people from disadvantaged neighborhoods are drawn to for-profit trade schools as the quickest route to jobs. But the very thing that makes for-profit schools seem so appealing — a streamlined curriculum — is the reason so many poor students drop out.
Posted: September 15, 2016, 11:01 pm
In one of the first attempts to understand the geography of STEM degree-job matching, a new study finds that matching is much more likely in dense rather than in large STEM labor markets.
Posted: September 12, 2016, 10:57 pm
A new study indicates that undergraduates who participate in mentored research not only graduate more often with science degrees, but also attend graduate school and pursue STEM careers at higher rates.
Posted: September 8, 2016, 9:33 pm
Steering new college students into remedial classes can boost a poorly prepared student's chances of success, but doesn't appear to benefit students with a stronger academic background, researchers have found.
Posted: September 7, 2016, 7:05 am
A new study of peole who embarked on careers between 2004 and 2014 showed that while nearly two-thirds chose employment outside academic science, their reasons for doing so had little to do with the advice they received from faculty advisors, other scientific mentors, family, or even graduate school peers.
Posted: September 1, 2016, 10:18 pm
The increasing proportion of the population who prefer to remain childless is a major social problem for many European countries. However this trend has not (so far) been the result of the expansion of education, say researchers.
Posted: August 23, 2016, 8:50 pm
Wage and employment freezes and other actions taken to combat recessions may compromise the positive effect that employee empowerment may have on staff morale and in turn performance.
Posted: August 22, 2016, 6:06 pm
A new study finds that an unpredictable work week is the norm for growing numbers of low-wage workers -- nearly 40 percent of whom worked variable hours for at least one four-month period after the start of the 2007-09 Great Recession.
Posted: August 22, 2016, 6:03 pm
High school students who completed higher levels of math, performed better academically, and had a greater sense of control of their future were more likely to migrate and work in labor markets with larger shares of college-educated workers, according to a new study.
Posted: August 22, 2016, 6:02 pm
There are as many motives as there are undergraduates taking introductory science courses, but if you look closely at groups of freshmen science students such as those from underrepresented minority (URM) backgrounds, you can see striking motivational differences across and within these groups, shows a new survey of 249 freshmen by psychology researchers in California.
Posted: August 19, 2016, 10:56 pm
The problem of persistence has long troubled undergraduate programs hoping to guide promising students from underrepresented racial/ethnic groups into science careers, but a new study by science education researchers says that the problem appears to be translating students' initial interest into confidence that they can proceed in science.
Posted: August 12, 2016, 8:06 pm
A new study identifies factors that could lead more young students to successful careers in the science, technology, engineering and math fields.
Posted: August 12, 2016, 2:46 am
The mismatch between unemployed workers and job vacancies is a serious problem in the Twin Cities region and it appears to have worsened since the turn of the millennium, new research indicates. The biggest concentrations of unemployed workers lack fast or frequent transit service to some of the richest concentrations of job vacancies, particularly vacancies in the south and southwest metro.
Posted: July 29, 2016, 8:43 pm
Rising income inequality, and the resulting scarcity of certain types of jobs, is a key reason young Americans are having babies before getting married.
Posted: July 14, 2016, 6:43 pm
It's no secret that Calculus I is a major hurdle in the quest for a science degree. But, according to a new paper, the class is far more likely to discourage women than men from continuing on in their chosen field. The findings suggest that a major factor in women's decision to leave a STEM path after Calculus I isn't ability, but confidence in their ability
Posted: July 14, 2016, 12:51 am
Female academic physicians at public medical schools had lower average salaries than their male counterparts, a disparity that was only partly accounted for by age, experience, medical specialty, faculty rank and other factors, according to a new article.
Posted: July 11, 2016, 9:39 pm
What's the best way to prepare high schoolers for jobs in the 21st century? Education leaders and the general public have been debating this question with more heat in recent years, clashing over whether to focus on college preparation or vocational training, especially training linked to blue-collar jobs.
Posted: June 29, 2016, 8:29 pm
As the solar industry booms, coal workers have the opportunity to pursue new work. A new study looks at what it takes to retrain underground skills for sunnier prospects.
Posted: June 24, 2016, 7:38 pm
Part-time workers now make up nearly half of the faculty of U.S. colleges and universities, according to the 2016 edition of The Condition of Education, a federal report on the nation’s education system.
Posted: June 24, 2016, 12:34 am
Poor moms who return to the workforce after a period of unemployment suffer significantly higher rates of depression, anxiety and physical symptoms of stress when they don’t have access to decent childcare, according to researchers.
Posted: June 23, 2016, 12:24 am
Unemployed people were more likely to land a job if they used skills commonly taught as part of cognitive therapy for depression, a new study found.
Posted: June 15, 2016, 11:58 pm
A new study examines labor market factors as a driver of the wage gap between men and women in the arts. The main finding: gender-based income inequalities persist within the arts just as they do in other fields. The gender wage gap is comparable for artists and nonartists.
Posted: June 13, 2016, 7:54 pm
Financial strain has long been one of the leading causes of family discord, but a recent study suggests that simply living through major economic recessions increases a mother's chance of suffering from domestic violence.
Posted: June 7, 2016, 1:19 am
Courses that engage college students in conducting scientific research early on can dramatically increase students' odds of completing a science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) degree, a positive sign for efforts to boost US competitiveness in science and technology, report researchers.
Posted: June 1, 2016, 8:37 pm
The relationship between the job satisfaction of a company’s workforce and its financial success is complex, but a new study has determined that satisfied workers can lead to greater success for an organization.
Posted: May 31, 2016, 5:53 pm
While the latter half of the 20th century showed a widening gap between the more and less educated with respect to marriage and fertility, this trend has not significantly altered the genetic makeup of subsequent generations, a team of researchers has found.
Posted: May 31, 2016, 1:02 am
One-third of patients hospitalized with heart failure for the first time have not returned to work one year later, reveals a new study in nearly 12.000 patients.
Posted: May 23, 2016, 12:11 am
A new study provides the first-ever evidence that women who reveal personal family-related information that could explain gaps in their resume (like staying home to raise a child) dramatically raise their chances of getting hired compared to a women who focus on their resume credentials alone.
Posted: May 20, 2016, 7:37 am
People who had outstanding balances on their student loans when they graduated or dropped out of college had lower net worth, fewer financial and nonfinancial assets, and homes with lower market values when they reached age 30, according to new research.
Posted: May 18, 2016, 9:35 pm
Only one third of undergraduates from 11 universities who reported having a learning disability were receiving accommodations, a new study has discovered.
Posted: May 17, 2016, 11:41 pm
When hiring slows during recessions, the brunt of job losses is borne by job-seekers in their 20s and early 30s, according to a new paper.
Posted: May 17, 2016, 7:12 pm
Departing the workforce entirely and entering retirement at age 65 is no longer a reality for many older people in the United States, according to a recent survey. The study finds that there are large numbers of older Americans who are currently, or who expect to be, working longer. However, this doesn't necessarily mean that they are continuing with the same employment circumstances indefinitely.
Posted: May 11, 2016, 1:33 am
One year after they graduate, women with Ph.D.s in science and engineering fields earn 31 percent less than do men, according to a new study using previously unavailable data.
Posted: May 10, 2016, 7:09 pm
For doctoral students studying science, technology, engineering and mathematics, landing a job as a research-oriented college or university faculty member typically requires having spent time as a postdoctoral researcher. But the research faculty path isn't the only reason students pursue a postdoc, a new study suggests.
Posted: May 6, 2016, 12:18 am
Researchers looked at Vocational Rehabilitation, a federally funded employment program for people with disabilities that is administered by each state. They found that adults with autism are increasingly applying for services, but most are getting jobs that pay well below the poverty line.
Posted: May 3, 2016, 8:11 pm
A new study suggests that charter school students are more likely to do well at college and earn significantly more than their counterparts at other schools. Using data from Florida, researchers confirmed previous research that students attending charter high schools are more likely to graduate from high school and enroll in college. In addition, when they examined two longer-term outcomes not previously studied in research on charter schools -- college persistence and earnings -- they found that students attending charter high schools were more likely to persist in college, and that in their mid-20s they had higher earnings.
Posted: April 25, 2016, 7:25 pm